In the north-east part of the country, at the border with the region Herţa (Ukraine) lies the Upper Country of Moldavia, the historic and geographical region named Bukovina – mild regions undulated in wooded high hills with quick waters and fertile fields since these lands are known to be inhabited. There are life signs from depths of time. In the Middle Ages stabile settlements were known to be here, well arranged (Baia – 1335, Siret -1340, Rădăuţi – 1350), and by 1360 the independent Romanian state Moldavia under the rule of ruler Bogdan, took form.
Bukovina is, on its whole, a big creation workshop, a warehouse of popular traditional art, of a great esthetic value. Historical and economical circumstances contributed, from old times, to the rise and the settling of personal character of Bukovina’s popular art.
Bukovina was situated at the crossroads of important commercial roads of Crimea, Asia and the Mediterranean basin, with the Baltic and Central Europe’s population, the trading routes always being the main means of exchange in the cultural domain. Historically, Bukovina represented the main place of the forming and of the existence of the feudal state of Moldavia and in the same time the cultural centre of this state. The region, from the economical and geomorphologic point of view offered a diversity of conditions that gave birth to a diversity of work, all together generating and easing the realizing of a artistic creation range in wood, wools, ceramic, leather, bone, metal, etc.
Native creations confronted over time, through the great trading routes, with the cultural goods of other great civilization centers, enriching and continuing the specific Romanian traditions, many of which are kept even today