Special features of the countryMalaysia, together with Singapore, has the system of making it necessary for all its citizens to have an Identification card. Other countries do not have this system as they already have their passports used to identify them. However, in the past, for Malaysia and Singapore to monitor any movements by the Communists, the identification card system was put in place.
HistoryMalaysia was once a very popular and used port colonised by the Dutch then the British. However during the Occupation of Japan, the British was not able to help Malaysia fend off the attack of the Japanese as they were already having trouble fighting off the Germans in their homeland.
Therefore, after the Occupation, Malaysia wanted Independence as they found the British unreliable. Independence was gained in 1957.
Malaysia then joined with several states like Sabah and Sarawak, including Singapore in 1963. However, as Singapore and Malaysia had differing views as to equality among its people, Singapore separated from Malaysia in 1965.
Structure of GovernmentMalaysia’s Government is a unique one. This is because it consists of 2 systems; it consists of both constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy.
For a recap of what parliamentary democracy is, few candidates will be vying for the presidential spot, and the people of the country will be able to vote for whom they wish to have as president. However, after a certain period of time, the elected president will have to step down and be succeeded by another person.
For a recap of what constitutional monarchy is, it is the system of Constitutional Monarchy has a Head of State and a Government. The advantage of having a Constitutional Monarchy is that the Head of State does not change as the governments change. Due to the fact that only the elected Officials can pass laws, the Head of State acts as an advisor to the Officials. The Head of State’s job also includes choosing the Prime Minister and checking through legislations so to decide whether to accept or reject them.
To combine both these systems, Malaysia has a government system has a Monarch who is the head of state and appoints the prime minister who is the head of government. Then, there is the cabinet which oversees the government and answers to the parliament.
Level of developmentIts level of development is getting higher by the day, from 3rd world to 1st world, as can be seen by Malaysia improving their roads, having more street lights and having more and more industries rather than farm work.
EconomyMalaysia’s economy consists of many things; it is mainly agriculture, industry and tourism. For agriculture, Malaysia used to be a number 1 rubber producer. However, as rubber prices dropped tremendously, Malaysia switched to palm oils which bring a much bigger income than the dropping prices of rubber. For industry, Malaysia is an important international arms supplier. While for tourism, to attract tourists, they have holiday resorts such as Genting and Sunway Lagoon.
MilitaryIts GDP expenditure on military is about 2%. Malaysia’s military age is later than Singapore’s military age and is when a boy turns into a man which is the age 21. However, if a war breaks out or the army is in need of manpower, males from the age of 15-49 are considered as fit for military service and would thus be made to help in the war.
Literacy rateIts literacy rate is relatively high. In the urban places, are children are able to afford to go to school. Thus, literacy rate there is quite high. However, in the rural places where people worry about their income and their food, it would be hardly important for parents to send their children to school as they want their children to work on the farm. Moreover, in rural areas, the schools are very run down or there is no school at all.
GDP per capitalIts economy is quite good as its World GDP ranking is 42nd. It has an important market as an international arms supplier.
Will this form of government work in other countriesMalaysia’s system of Government should be able to work on countries in the Middle East as they both have their similar points like them having lots of land and having many Malays there. Many countries in the Middle East are also 3rd world countries. Therefore, Malaysia’s system of Government should be able to help these countries to get their way to 2nd world countries or even 1st world countries.
Will another form of government work in this countryCommunism would definitely not work in Malaysia. As can be seen in the past, Malaysia fears communism as can be seen as the reason that Malaysia agreed to join with Singapore because of this reason. Malaysia also has a bad opinion of Communism as can be seen from Singapore in the past where communists created havoc in the country.
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New Earth Media (2003). The Book Of Rule : How The World is Governed. Great Britain: Dorling Kindersley Limited .