Libertarianism is the belief that one has ownership of one’s life, including the tangibles and non-tangibles such as property and human rights. Thus, one can decide what he wants to do, as long as he does not prevent others from doing the same, meaning that he respects others’ rights. The usage of force against others who have themselves not used force against others, such as theft, murder etc, is not allowed in the libertarian view.
There are two types of libertarians, the right theorists and consequentialists. To the right theorists, everyone owns their lives, and should be able to do anything they want without opposition, as long as they do not deny others the same liberty, and that usage of force against others is strictly prohibited. The consequentialist libertarians, on the other hand, do not actually take initiation of force into great account, but believe that the government should not have too much influence on the people, so that the people are not restricted from doing what they want.
There is a difference between the libertarians, and the Libertarians. The big-L Libertarians are members of the Libertarian Party who believe that the current political system can implement the principles of libertarianism, while small-l libertarians are just members of the public, who do not share the same views as the Libertarians.
The word libertarian was first used by Joseph Dejacque in his letter to Pierre-Joseph Proudhon in 1857, but he wrote it as libertaire, a French word which meant the same as “anarchist”, so as to avoid being caught for not adhering to the French ban on anarchist publications.
Impact on Society
Totalitarianism has a big impact on technology and science, scientists in the country have restrictions as to what to invent. Like in Germany, Jewish inventions were rejected. They faced many ethnic challenges when they wanted to do certain kinds of projects. Scientists in totalitarian government were less free to do the research they wanted than other democratic countries. And the state had the right to use the products of the scientists in any way they chose.
Impact on Society
Libertarianism ensures that the citizens of a country remain lawful, as it condemns actions such as theft, murder, or fraud. Thus, libertarians abide by this principle and do not initiate force against others, making a peaceful society to live in.
Libertarians distrust the government and oppose actions such as income tax, censorship, price controls and confiscation of property as they feel that these actions are taking away what belongs to them “forcefully”. In other words, the government use force against the people who themselves have not violated the right of others. In the United States, libertarianism is most popular. Polls show that 1 out of 5 Americans have libertarian views. In the US, the US Libertarian Party is one of the largest third parties.
Extent of Propaganda
Libertarianism does not involve much of propaganda, but the principles of libertarianism are strongly instilled in each libertarian, and there is a strong opposition of the government’s control over the people.
Whether it makes people patriotic
Libertarianism, as mentioned above, means the belief that one has ownership of one’s life, including the tangibles and non-tangibles such as property and human rights. Thus, government actions are condemned, causing the people to be even more opposing of the government. Libertarians thus want a limited government, one which does not have too much influence on the people, showing their dislike for the current government.
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Libertarianism: Definition and Much More from Answers.com. (n.d.). Retrieved March 22, 2008, from http://www.answers.com/topic/libertarianism-2?nr=1&lsc=true.