Land animal is nearly completely invertebrate. Invertebrate life includes microscopic mites, lice, nematodes, tardigrades, rotifers, midge and springtails.
Birds in Antarctica are mainly kinds of penguins, albatrosses and other birds.
A variety of marine animals includes blue whales, orcas, fur seals, fish and cephalopods as well as krill.
In Antarctica, a combination of freezing temperatures, poor soil quality, lack of moisture, and lack of sunlight inhibit the flourishing of plants. As a result, plant life is mostly mosses and liverworts.
Plants largely consist of lichens, bryophytes, algae, and fungi.
There are over 200 species of lichens and about 50 species of bryophytes, such as mosses, 700 species of algae. There are two species of flowering plants, Antarctic hair grass and Antarctic pearlwort.