Luther King J.R.
Life Span: January 15, 1929-April 4, 1968
Ethnicity: African American
Country: Unitded States
Occupation: Civil Rights Activist
Best known for: Contrubutions to the Civil
By:the teachings of Mohandas Gandhi
Martin Luther King Jr. was born at noon on January 15, 1929,
to parents Reverend and Mrs. Martin Luther King, Sr. Their
home was at 501 Auburn Avenue, N.E., Atlanta, Georgia. He
graduates from Morehouse College. Marries Coretta Scott
and settles in Montgomery, Alabama. Martin Luther King Jr.
also earned a doctoral degree.
On November 13, to guarantee victory for the boycott, the
Supreme Court decision made bus segregation became illegal.
January 30 Dr. King’s house is bombed. On December
21, the racial segregation was removed because of Montgomery
Bus Boycott. Dr. King publishes his first book, called Stride
Toward Freedom. As well, visited India to study nonviolence
of Mohandas Gandhi. Dr. King became a co-pastor with his
father at the Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta, Georgia.
In Atlanta, Dr King had got arrested in a restaurant. He
was in jail for four months, but after John and Robert Kennedy
interfered, he was released. The Interstate Commerce Commission
bans segregation in November. Congress on Racial Equality
(CORE) began first Freedom Ride through the South, in a
Greyhound bus. After the U.S. Supreme Court outlawed segregation.
During the Albany, Georgia movement, King is arrested on
July 27th. On April 12, Dr King and Ralph Abernathy were
arrested for demonstrating without a permit. Dr. King writes
his famous "Letter from a Birmingham Jail" during
the eleven days he spent there. The Birmingham campaign
is exposed, on April 13. This would be a turning point in
the war to end segregation in the South. May 10th, the Birmingham
agreement was announced. A few locations such as school
and restaurants to eliminate racial segregation, implemented
the hiring of blacks. Dr. King shows positive influence
of freedom to the 125,000 people who went on the Walk in
Detroit for freedom. Sometime in March, Dr. King gives his
famous “I Have a Dream” speech at the Lincoln
Memorial in Washington, D.C. July 2nd Dr. King attends the
White House ceremony of the Civil Rights Act. King experiences
his first rejection by black people when he is stoned by
Black Muslims in Harlem. On December 10th, he was awarded
the Nobel Peace Prize and was the youngest person to be
awarded at age 35.
On April 4, Martin Luther King, Jr. was shot while standing
on the balcony at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee.
There were twenty thousand arrests and 130 American cities
of uprising and upset people. April 9 was Dr. King’s
funeral. The Open Housing Act is passed by Congress, within
a week of the assassination. November 2 was declared a national
holiday in honor of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
Luther King, Jr., was born on January 15, 1929, in Atlanta,
Georgia. He was the son of Reverend Martin Luther King, Sr.
and Alberta Williams King. He had an older sister, Willie Christine
(September 11, 1927) and a younger brother, Albert Daniel (July
30, 1930 – July 21, 1969). King sang with his church choir
at the 1939 Atlanta premiere of the movie Gone with the Wind.
5, 1955. Martin Luther attended a public school in Georgia,
graduating from high school at the age of fifteen, after skipping
his ninth and twelfth high school years. He entered Morehouse
College. In 1948, he graduated from Morehouse with a Bachelor
of Arts (B.A.) degree in sociology, and enrolled in Crozer Theological
Seminary in Chester, Pennsylvania. In September 1951, King began
doctoral studies in systematic theology at Boston University
and received his Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) on June 5, 1955.
began the family's long tradition of serving in a church, serving
from 1914 – 1931 at the Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta.
His father had served from his grandfather's retirement until
the present, and from 1960 until his death Martin acted as co-church
man. In Boston he met and married Coretta Scott on June 18th,
1953, a young woman who was unique, intelligent and had artistic
attainments. Had a family of two sons and two daughters.
5, Martin Luther King Jr. was elected president of the Montgomery
Improvement Association, making Martin Luther King Jr. the official
for the boycott. The Montgomery Bus Boycott was a social and
political protest campaign. The struggle of the Montgomery Bus
Boycott lasted from December 5th, 1955 to December 20th, 1956
and led to a US Supreme Court decision that declared the Alabama
and Montgomery laws requiring segregated busses unconstitutional.
King was arrested, his home was bombed, but at the same time
he emerged as a Negro leader of the first rank. He founded the
Southern Christian Leadership Conference, an organization formed
to provide new leadership for the now burgeoning civil rights
movement, in 1957. The ideals for this organization he took
from Christianity and its function techniques are from Gandhi.Martin
Luther King Jr. received a Doctorate of Philosophy in Systematic
Theology from Boston University on June 5, of 1955.On
May 17, 1957 Dr.
King spoke to a crowd of 15,000 in Washington, D.C.
and organized the Southern Christian Leadership Conference to
fight segregation and achieve civil rights. Between
1957 and 1968, the U.S. Congress passed the first Civil Rights
Act. On a speaking tour, Martin Luther King, Jr. is nearly killed
in Harlem, when stabbed by an assailant. He met with President
Dwight D. Eisenhower, along with Roy Wilkins, A. Philip Randolph,
and Lester Grange on problems affecting black Americans. For
eleven years, King showed up wherever there was injustice, protest,
or action. King wrote numerous articles as well as five books,
including the book "Stride Towards Freedom," and "Letter
from a Birmingham Jail." He planned the Negroes registered
vote in Alabama, he directed the peaceful march on Washington,
D.C., of 250,000 people to whom he delivered his speech, "l
Have a Dream". He discussed with President John F. Kennedy
and campaigned for President Lyndon B. Johnson, was known as
Man of the Year by Time magazine in 1963. Martin Luther King
Jr. became the symbolic leader of American blacks, and he was
awarded five honorary degrees. He was arrested more than twenty
times and attacked at least four times. At the age of thirty-five,
Martin Luther King, Jr. was the youngest man to have received
the Nobel Peace Prize. He announced that he would turn over
the prize money of $54,123 to the furtherance of the civil rights
-Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was influenced by the teachings of Mohandas
-Dr. King was honored in the Time Magazine, titled, “Man of
the Year” in 1964.