Life Span: March 14th 1879-April 18, 1955
Occupation: Theoretical Physicist
Best known for: E=mc2
His exposure to Maxwell’s Law of Magnetism
Ernst Mach, his mentor
Max Plank, another one of his mentors
Albert Einstein is born to Hermann Einstein and his wife
Pauline in Ulm, Germany. He soon receives his first compass
and begins to investigate the natural world. At age ten
he sets into a program of self-education and learns as much
about science as he can.
The Einstein’s move to Pavia, Italy and Albert stays
behind attempting to finish the school year, but only lasts
a term. He then follows his family to Pavia. There he tries
to skip high school by taking an entrance exam to the Swiss
Polytechnic, a top technical university, but he fails. He
goes to the Swiss town of Aarau to finish high school. After
graduating at 17, he enrolls in the ETH (the Federal Polytechnic)
in Zurich. He falls in love with Mileva Maric, a classmate.
Einstein graduates from ETH.
Einstein becomes a Swiss citizen. Mileva becomes pregnant
with his baby, and moves back to Hungary to give birth at
her parent’s home. Albert moves to Bern. In January,
Mileva gives birth to their daughter, Lieserl, whom they
eventually put up for adoption, reportedly gets sick, and
then all records of her disappear. Einstein’s father
becomes ill and dies. The next January, Einstein and Mileva
marry. The next year Mileva gives birth to their first son,
Hans Albert. 1905 is Albert’s “Annus Mirabilis,”
or “Miracle Year.” his Special Theory of Relativity
is born. On June 30th, Einstein, submits his paper, "On
the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies" to the leading
German physics journal. At age 26, he applies his theory
to mass and energy and formulates the equation E=mc2. He
begins applying the laws of gravity to his Special Theory
of Relativity. A son, Eduard is born to him and Mileva.
Albert and his family move to Prague, where he is given
a full professorship at the German University there. He
is the youngest to attend the invitation-only Solvay Conference
at Brussels, the first world physics conference. The family
then moves to Zurich where Einstein is given a job as professor
of Theoretical Physics at the ETH. He begins work on his
new Theory of Gravity. Einstein is given a job as the director
of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute in Berlin and professor
of theoretical physics at the University of Berlin. The
family moves to Berlin, but after 3 months, Mileva and sons
return to Zurich and divorce proceedings begin. Einstein
completes his General Theory of Relativity. He falls seriously
ill, and is nursed back to health by his cousin, Elsa. He
publishes his first paper on cosmology. In 1919, Albert
marries Elsa, and on May 29th, a solar eclipse proves his
General Theory of Relativity is feasible.
Einstein is awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1921.
He attends the fifth Solvay Conference and begins working
on the idea for quantum mechanics with Neils Bohr. He also
begins developing his idea for a unified field theory.
Einstein turns 53 in 1932 and is at his height of fame.
He is a Jew, and due to World War II and the threat of Nazis
in Germany, he and Elsa move to the United States. They
settle in Princeton, New Jersey, and he assumes a position
at the Institute for Advanced Study. Elsa dies after a brief
illness. In 1939, Einstein writes his famous letter to FDR
about his concerns of the possibility of Germany building
an atomic bomb, and urges nuclear research. The next year,
Einstein becomes an American citizen.
On April 16, 1955 Einstein dies of heart failure
Einstein was born in Württemberg, Germany on March 14th
1879 to Herman and Pauline Einstein.
He goes to the Swiss town of Aarau to
finish school. After graduating at 17, he enrolled in the ETH
(the Federal Polytechnic) in Zurich. He fell in love with Mileva
Maric, a classmate, and soon graduates from ETH.
In 1901 Mileva became pregnant with his baby, and moved back
to Hungary to give birth at her parent’s home. In January,
Mileva gave birth to their daughter, Lieserl, whom they eventually
put up for adoption, reportedly gets sick, and then all records
of her disappear. Einstein’s father became ill and died
in 1902. The next January, Einstein and Mileva married. Then,
in 1903 Mileva gave birth to their first son, Hans Albert.
1905 was Albert’s “Annus Mirabilis,” or “Miracle
Year.” his Special Theory of Relativity was born. On June
30th, Einstein, submits his paper, "On the Electrodynamics
of Moving Bodies" to the leading German physics journal.
At age 26, he applied his theory to mass and energy and formulated
the equation E=mc2. He then began applying the laws of gravity
to his Special Theory of Relativity. In 1910 a son, Eduard was
born to him and Mileva. In 1911 Albert and his family moved
to Prague, where he was given a full professorship at the nearby
German University. He was the youngest to attend the invitation-only
Solvay Conference at Brussels, the first world physics conference.
The family then moved to Zurich where Einstein was given a job
as professor of Theoretical Physics at the ETH. Einstien
was given a job as director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute
Berlin and professor of theoretical physics at the University
moved to Berlin in April 1914, but Mileva and the sons returned
to Zurich after 3 months. Divorce prodeedings soon began. In
1917, Albert fell seriously ill, and is nursed back to health
by his cousin Elsa, who he married two years later. In 1921
Einstein was awarded the nobel prize for physics and for his
theory of Special Relativity. When Einstein is 53, because he
is Jewish and World War II had broken out, he and Elsa moved
to the United States After settling in Princeton New Jersey,
Else died after a brief illness. In 1949 Mileva, Einstein's
ex-wife died, and on April 16th, 1955, Einstein died of heart
He was a theoretical physicist who won
the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1921, for his “for his
services to Theoretical Physics, and especially for his discovery
of the law of the photoelectric effect.” The law of the
Photoelectric effect was the theory that light was made up pf
particles called photons, which acted like waves. Further work
on this discovery led Einstein and other scientists to understand
that all forms of matter behave both as particles and as waves.
Einstein also came up with the Special Theory of Relativity,
which is the theory that time can bend around cetain scenarios.
This was not a widely acceted theory, and when asked to explain
his theory at a party, Einstein’s relpy was “If
you had to sit on a hot stove for two minutes, it would feel
like two hours, while if I was on a date with a beautiful woman
for two hours, it would feel like two minutes.” Another
achievement of Einsteins was the formula E=mc2. Einstein realized
that matter and energy are really two different forms of the
same thing, and that matter can be turned into energy, and energy
into matter. The formula literally translates into energy=mass
times the velocity of light squared. Einstein also came up the
a General Theory of Relativity is the geometrical theory of
gravitation published by Albert Einstein in 1915 or 16. It unifies
special relativity, Newton's law of universal gravitation, and
the insight that gravitational acceleration can be described
by the curvature of space and time, the latter being produced
by the mass-energy and momentum content of the matter in spacetime
-Einstein loved to Party.
-Einstein though considered one of the greatest minds in history
did not begin speaking until he was three years old, and did not
become fluent in German until he was 9, leading some to think the
he was slow.
-He never learned to drive a car.
-Einstein had a house in Mattituck, Long Island.