As you surely have noticed this website is purely about future techs and their possible impact on our lives. Well, its time to take things to the limit where sci-fi and the possibilities of science collide. Thus it is our pleasure to present to you this segment dedicated to the toPic of Teleportation.
At this point some of you are likely to say that there is no novelty here, Star-Trek has already exhausted this subject. Nevertheless, there are some details which will surely prove to be interesting. For instance that teleportation was already achieved. Scientists didn't experiment with teleporting a human being, an animal or an object. They did it with an elementary particle called a photon and later one with a microscopic atomic structure. It was a huge achievement and experiments are continually conducted to expand current possibilities.
What is teleportation
Teleportation is by the current sense "the moving of an elementary particle from one place to another instantaneously without traveling through space". The problem here is in the "elementary particle" part. In order to start moving bigger objects, ones composed out of many particles, they must first be decomposed and then "rebuilt" again at the destination. In case of a living thing this would mean instantaneous death. A solution is yet to be found.
There are and were many religious and ethical debates about people's right the "copy" the information contained in one source and reproduced it in another one form, but these considerations are not taken seriously by scientists.
In principal teleportation is a series complicated mathematical algorithms sPiced up with a few complex physics devices. Greatly simplified, the major theory behind teleportation is the Tunnel Effect. If we wanted to animate the process of the teleportation of an elementary particle (which we did), then we'd draw a wall in front of the particle, which represents the necessary amount of energy to execute the "jump". Since the particle can't acquire that amount of energy, it needs some other way to get through the wall. The Tunnel effect enables it to neglect that wall and seemingly travel exactly through it.
If by any chance the toPic had gotten interesting, and you would like to receive more in-depth explanations the best solution would probably be getting a degree in quantum physics and mathematics. If only a small part of it would satisfy your curiosity, then proceed.
A few important notions:
The qubit – is a vector of quantum information in the two-dimensional Hilbert space (an abstract space)
Bell states: are possible states of entanglement of these bits of quantum information, there are four basic Bell states, no to mention the combined states (quantum mechanics, BE WARE)
Quantum information can travel through gates, which are given by a number of so-called gate matrixes, like the Pauli or Hadamard matrixes.
These are just a very few characteristic notions about this toPic. It is a difficultly accessible part of physics and maths even for some who are in the domain, so we won't enumerate them any more, but some of these are accessible on the net for those interested.