Vienna castle originally ornament-, and it was marked for a zoo. In 1605 the Hungarian abszolútizmus to give birth teams damage it. In 1612 Mátyás an emperor hits upon Szép Kútra (Schöne Brune), from which receives his name later. His building begins again in 1637. The ornament castle is ready in time for 1642. The Turkishs pursue it in 1683, and it is ravaged totally almost. In 1724, after the reconstruction ceased because of money shortage, VI. Károly bribed it for Maria Theresa. In the 40 years the can be found the centre of the court life. The castle Schönbrunn served as a summer residence for the imperial family mostly. It was born here in 1830 from 1848 1916 prevailing Ferenc József, who lived in Spartan simplicity,, setting an example for his soldiers with this. The emperor spent the last years of his life here and died here. With two years after his death, the castle got into a republican possession in 1918 and for his historical significance, Vienna counts as his beautiful position and his architectural appearance for one of his principal sights since then duly. He achieves his definitive form with Maria Theresa's death.