Christianity in the Modern Era
With an estimated number of adherents that ranges between 1.5 billion and 2.1 billion, split into around 34,000 separate denominations, Christianity is the world's largest religion. The Christian share of the world's population has stood at around 33 per cent for the last hundred years. This masks a major shift in the demographics of Christianity; large increases in the developing world have been accompanied by substantial declines in the developed world, mainly in Europe and North America. On current projections, by 2050 only about one-fifth of the world's Christians will be non-Hispanic whites
Christianity is a monotheistic faith centered on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ. Christianity is an Abrahamic religion, as are Judaism and Islam, Early Christianity was a Jewish eschatological sect, with great diversity in local variations.
Spread Of Christianity in World
Christianity confined to the Middle East, North Africa, Europe, and parts of India for its first thousand years, it has spread throughout the entire world during its second millennia due to colonization and missionary work.
Jesus Christ is believed to be the god in Christians. Jesus Christ is central to Christianity as the foundation of salvation, the revealer of God, and the model of a pious life; not just as a teacher, but as the son of God who suffered, died and was resurrected for the salvation of all from sin. Christians maintain that Jesus ascended into heaven and most sects teach that Jesus will judge the living and the dead, granting everlasting life to his followers.
Christianity regards the Bible, a collection of canonical books in two parts (the Old Testament and the New Testament), as authoritative.
It is believed by Christians to have been written by human authors under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, and therefore for many it is held to be the inerrant Word of God.
Protestant Christians believe that the Bible contains all revealed truth necessary for salvation. This concept is known as Sola scriptura.
The Bible always includes books of the Jewish scriptures, the Tanakh, and includes additional books and reorganizes them into two parts: the books of the Old Testament primarily sourced from the Tanakh (with some variations), and the 27 books of the New Testament containing books originally written primarily in Greek.
Islam In Medieval Period
In 452, Pope Leo the Great met Attila the Hun, and dissuaded him from sacking Rome. However, in 476, the last Roman Emperor, Romulus Augustus was deposed. Following the fall of the Roman Empire in the west, the church entered into a long period of missionary activity and expansion among the former barbarian tribes. Catholicism spread among the Germanic peoples (initially in competition with Arianism), the Celts, the Slavic peoples; the Vikings and other Scandinavians; the Hungarians, the Baltic peoples and the Finns. The rise of Islam from 630 onwards, took the formerly Christian lands of the Levant, North Africa and much of Spain out of Christian control.
Modern Disestablishment of Christianity