According to our science textbook, climate is a measure of weather and how it changes in different places. Climate is different in different places on the earth. This depends on location. Because of Earth’s 23.33° tilt, different hemispheres receive different amounts of direct sun rays, which causes spring, summer, fall, and winter for each of the four hemispheres when Earth revolves around the sun . For example a country close to the equator will have warmer climate than a country that is located closer to the Arctic.
Climate is affected by many things that happen on earth. For example, even volcanoes erupting can cause change in climate. This is because the heat from lava may change the temperature of air. People who study climate usually look for patterns over a long period of time, sometimes even 30 years. They study the types of weather and changes in weather.
Today scientist classify different types of climate. They are classified in zones depending upon where they happen. Many scientists use the Koppen system to classify climates from around the world.
According to this system there are 5 types of climates: