The situation of the Jews from these territories after 1942
After the defeat from Stalingrad in the 1942-1943 winters, important changes took place in the Antonescu's regime policy towards Jews. On the 16 th of October 1941 the plan of the deportation of the Jews from the Old Kingdome and from the south of Transylvania to the extermination camps in Poland was annulated and a part of the Jews deported in Transnistria was repatriated. By doing this, Antonescu was hoping that, by these measures, he will assure easier peace conditions in the eventuality, which was certitude for many, that Germany and its allies will lose the war.
The Romanian and Ukrainian Jews who died in the territories situated under the Romanian administration – Bucovina, Basarabia, Transnistria, were about 280.000 or 380.000 persons, as it's mentioned in the International Committee Report on Studying the Holocaust in Romania . Ion Antonescu is directly responsible for the murder of the Jews from Basarabia, Bucovina and Transnistria and he acted on his own. In the same time, when the personal political interests dictated the rejection of the German demand of deporting Jews from the Old Kingdome and the south part of Transylvania in the extermination camps in Polland, in the autumn of 1942, the Antonescu's reign could reject this demand. With this occasion, approximately 290.000 Jews survived.