Robots are extracted from science-fictions .The word, ROBOT, has been borrowed from a science-fiction play by a Czeck playwright Karl Chapek(1920).
40 years after that the new technology called "industrial robotic"…and today robots are artificial automatic hands which are manipulated by computers.
Science- fiction through cherishing new ideas in mind of young people who later started working seriously on robots and by causing awareness among all groups of people has undoubtedly had very great role in immergence of this technology. Some of the mechanical apparatus invented by 17th and 18th century's genius have robot's characteristics. A good example can be G. Dey. Dekardson who was living in 18th century. He invented human size mechanical dolls that could play music.
Later other important technologies in creating robots manifested, one known as digital control, and the other as far-distance operator. At the end of 1940 and begging of 1950, the idea of the digital control was set forth for numerical Machines. As it goes without saying, control stands for the control of the operation of machines by digits. This approach is based on Bon Parsons's invented method that suggests the use of pierced cards which include the positions of control of the focal point of machinery.
Putting the digital control and far-distance operator together constructs the basis of the modern robots. A robot is a mechanical hand whose movement's are controlled and programmed in a similar way.
The forerunning countries in developing and employing robots are: Japan, United States of America, West Germany, Sweden, Italy, England and France.
robots provide vast resources to set people free from tedious, repetitive, dangerous or even unpleasant work. Developing these conveniences is precious both socially and financially.