The haze situation in South-east Asia mainly resulted from the burning of the trees in Indonesian forests. The gases that evolved from the combustion are sulphur dioxide, ozone, nitrogen dioxide and carbon monoxide. These are greenhouse gases and hence contributed to global warming and affected the atmosphere tremendously. This in turn speeds up global warming, causing shifting climate changes and unpredictability of the weather.
There is loss of biodiversity due to the forest fires. Flora and fauna are burnt and lost in the fires. We might have endangered even more species of animals and also destroyed rare species of organisms. This will cause a disruption in the ecosystem.
The haze pollutants cause a negative change in air quality in the neighbouring countries. This would also affect the humaní»s respiratory system. Humans need fresh air, but if the air quality is not good, the humaní»s health will be affected detrimentally. Therefore, there would be a rise in patients with respiratory and eye problems caused by the inhalation of haze pollutants.
PM 2.5 mostly causes reduction in visibility. Reduction in visibility might also cause trade transport to travel with lots of difficulty. Trading ships may crash accidentally into objects if sailors are not alert and careful about their course, especially when it is so difficult to see ahead during the haze. As for airplanes, the haze would hinder the sight of the pilot, making it difficult to manoeuvre the aircraft, hence compromising the safety of the passengers.