The Korean War
The Korean War was fought between 1950 and 1953, between communist North Korea and capitalist South Korea. Korea had been under Japanese control since 1904, but was divided between the Soviet Union and the United States after the withdrawal of Japanese forces in 1945. The war began with the invasion of the South by North Koreans and the People’s Republic of China with some support by the USSR, mainly weapons and pilots. The United Nations, mainly the USA, joined in defence of South Korea. Sixteen nations in total united with South Korea, although Luxembourg sent less than fifty soldiers. The estimations of casualties vary, but millions of Korean citizens were massacred. The war was ended with a ceasefire, with neither side gaining much territory. However, no peace treaty was signed, so theoretically the war continues to this day.