The Etruscan upper class members were the highest citizens of the city-states and they were of Italian origin or of non-Italian origin. Merchants and politicians alike aspired to be apart of the ruling oligarchy. The rulers of the Etruscans were called lucremones and wore purple robes.
The Etruscans had a complex written language that has always been mysterious. The language is universally accepted as an isolated case and has been shown not to be related to any other language. Its origin of the alphabet is not in doubt, and is from an ancient Semitic-speaking people. The problem with the Etruscan language is not that it is indecipherable but it is that we do not understand the words and their forms.
Evidence suggests that most of the Etruscan literature has been burned by early Christians because of the “pagan” origins of the writings. Many roman writers suggest that the scope of Etruscan writing was once vast and great. And because of the lack in literature the Etruscans appear to be mysterious.
Due to the fertile nature of the Etruscans land, the amount of grain and produce that was produced was enough to sustain the Etruscans and to help the Romans when a devastating famine hit the empire. Their diet consisted mainly of meat and grains, like faro, or pulses. Deer, beef, lamb, mutton, and pork were all regularly eaten.
Little is known about the music of the Etruscans. What is known is gleamed from the style of murals on tomb walls. We do know that the double flute was considered the national Etruscan instrument. Also historians believe that because there is a lack of musical manuscripts, the Etruscans had an oral rather than written tradition in music.