People’s natural instrument is the throat itself, where some vocal cords can be found. The air is comming from the lungs and vocal cards make sounds. Different sounds could be formed by the changes of our oral carity or as we relax and strengthem our vocal cards. The man-made instruments work the same way. Sounds are made of a hind vibration.
First musical instruments could be made in Egypt, Middle-Asia or in China. These were prepared with animal-lones, shells and dancers used them. From the branches some percussion instruments were made, from reed wind instruments were from. They also used the animals’ skin for making drums. We haven’t got any information about thoose who made the first instruments later on.
B.C. 4000 stringed instruments were known which had magical feature. Magicans and wizards used the during the ceremonies.
There are ot of musical instruments ont he earth. On some places ont he earth among african and asian nations „primitive” instruments could be found. But this name isn’t perfect because they had important role int he develpoment of the instrument later on. The nowdays-instruments sared the figure and function of their ancient sorts. The evolution of instrument played role in expressing our feeling and our aims.
In the birth of instruments people’s build and set-up were also figured out buti t wasn’ always succesful.
In spite of all these facts anybody could play on any instruments because exercise is the most important of all. Nowdays handicapped people can also play any instruments. Sometime disabled people can express theirs feelings with the help of music. We know about special instrument-maker companies who produce instruments for handicapped people.
The guitar belongs to the family of string instruments. Its name comes from the word kithara. Its ancient predecessors are the lyre and the mandolin and later on the banjo, that is a typical blues instrument. Much of the strings (according to tunning) have 1 quart distance from each other. This instrument is a determinative tool for many musical genre.
The improvement of the acoustic guitar is the electric guitar. This type was created in the 1950s. The permeation of this was mainly due to the beginning of rock era. Today it is the mostly used instrument. Through the spreding of this instrument that the music critics accepted light music as a more serious, recognised genre.
The bass guitar is similar to the acoustic guitar from outside, with a difference that this type has a longer neck, bigger bund-distance and the tunning is one octave down than in the case of an acoustic guitar. The guitar has gave place for the doublebass in the 1950s. Supposedly, Paul Tutmarc was the first who tailored this instrument.
Talking about drum we mean several different sizes,materilas and function. The most well-known drum is when we use a special membran and it gives a sound. But the idiophus are also drums. The most common is that we hit something which gives a matt sound.
The drum is usually a corpus with a hollow inside. A special skin is strengthened to both sides, nowadays it’s plastic. The drum’s is usually a piece of wood, burnt inside as the oldest drums were made. But drums could be made of plastic, metal or day. The mambrean was strenghened in different ways eg:nails, leather stripes, pegs.
Nowadays the most useful method is:first the skin’s rim is spinned an metal ring later the metal ring is put to the body of the drum. We know many hinds of drum shapes:Limpani, (is made of metal), Timbales(cylindrical but one send is opened). The conga is well-known in the Carribian-island (thin and barrel-shaped), samandrum(is just a shaless drum), tabor is flat and it has got a memberean on loth rides; bom-bom is the same.
Wood and metal drums
The Gapdrum is made of wood. On its body there’s is long gap. The well-konwn place is the Equator at rives Kongo, near Australia-Oceania. You can find here those trees which are the most useful to make drums of. There are different sizes of gapdrums from some uns to 10 metres. The biggest drums used to call „talking –drums” because their sound could be heard from 10-20 kms far.
Those drums, they use int he area of Trinidad and Tobago, are made of 55 gallous barrels. These instruments are really nice tuned instruments.
These modern facilities are formed according to Jazz. It collect a lot of percussion eguipments and the musician can use them alone. It courists of cymbals, bells and other drums.
In the ancient times the predeccessor of the trumpet was the graven horn, later on when it was realized how copper can be alloyed it was made from it. In the course of modelling at first the tubes were filled with sand, later with lead so that to be able ot bend while modelling, not to snap or even worse to dent. Its rudimentary type were the indicator trumpets. These had no keys, sounds could be modified by the alteration of the hardness of the lip and the rationing of air.
The next type was the side-ventilled trumpet. This is supposedly a Czech or Romanian development. The scale of sounds here are much diverse, while in the case of indicator trumpets only quint and quart turns could have been played. Here a given scale can even be played by half-notes. This way we arrived to today’s trumpet and to the most modern type of it, the 3-key type. The designers today couple these with very brave ideas, the scale of variations are very wide. On the website of Yamaha you can find trumpets in different colours from bright red to purple.
This instrument is very popular in different types of tunning: f, as, c but the most general is the _b_ tunned instrument (the ancessor of this type was the piccolo trumpet from the 1700-1800s). It is interesting that the length of trumpet is 132 cm, which had not changed since its prototype (the relation of the trumpet, for example the horn can even reach 3 m 20 cm).
The trumpet consists of two main parts, the mouthpiece and the body. The body consists of 3 tunning tubes, 3 keys and 2 scuppers.
The main point of this is the movement of lips, which can be achieved by licking our lips, hold it together close and blowing air out of them. If we do not hear any vibrant sound we should keep trying… Then if we had practiced this lip movement the mouthpiece can come (which make the sound louder) and the instrument on which by pressing down the keys beautiful sounds can be brought out.
The proper maintenance of the instrument is very important if we would like to use the instrument, in a good condition, for a long time. The cleanance of the keys are essential for a clean trumpet. At least once a month it should be wiped (the ventil-house, which is the house of the keys, as well). The lubrication is also adviced which should be done with paraffin-oil. Above all this the 3 tunning tubes and the body should be washed out.