In 1991 the country Somalia declared a state of emergency. The regime lost control of the countryside in the Northwest regions and the area surrounding Muqudisho. In January 1991 Said Barre’s regime collapsed. In May 1991 a de facto state declared its independence as Somaliland. In the south Ali Mahdi was named President of the Manifesto group Omar Arte Ghalib was appointed Prime Minister of the interim government but the government was rejected by some of the armed factions. With the government gone all the weapons fell in the hands of various clan factions.
Things changed dramatically into bitter tribal war between the persecuted Majeertan and the USC of the hawiye tribes. It became clear that USC was after the Alienation of all of the Darod clan (which the Majeerten clan of the opposition and the ruling Marehann). With a lot of hatred for everpowerful Majeerten and the Iron fist of Marehann dictatorship, all the minority tribes were swallowed into the USC or there fate ended up like that of the Darod.
The civil war took full scale as the Hawiye and the Darods battled it out. Attacks and raids took place but the Darod were losing considerably. Not prepared for war they reseeded with their families to different regions were they had power and family. On February, 1991 USC force of Hawiye attacked the town of Galkacyo the regional capital of the State of Mudug. The USC captured the city killing many civilians, looting and destroying property. Now the USC in Majeerten territorial grounds did not have the backing of countryside nomads like muqudisho or minority groups. The Darod groups regrouped to attack the USC forces in Galkacyo killing Hawiye clansmen and took back the city.
The USC also attacked southern Darod who lived down in the Jubba and Gedo the regions of Somalia. The groups had been mostly inhabits of Muqudisho before the war. Their wealth and families were trapped inside the chaotic city. As the Darod elders met in Kismayu and Gedo they discussed the changes in politics that took place in Muqudisho. They agreed to take back the capital with force. When they got with in miles of the city at Local town called Afgooye over looking the capital, they started to dispute about who would lead the country after victory. Those loyal to the President and his clansmen wanted Said Barre’ back, while the Majeerten who were the many power and fought for the over throwment of Barre and his regime disagreed. With a split in the Darod power, the USC of Hawiye repulsed and moved them back to respective place. They captured the city of kismayo and 500 kilometers from the capital. They also moved in to Gedo and Hirran, where the former ruling sub-clan lives. There the local Rahanwein tribes militia who also inhabit those regions looted, and killed many of Marehann as they moved back and fourth through the regions. Slowly all of the Darod got pushed out of southern Somalia into Kenya and Ethiopia. But along the route were refugee camps, dotted all over southern Somalia.
In July 1991 after three months of wars and thousand died majority of them. Darod and the majority of them Majeerten a reconciliation, conference was held in Djibouti were Ali Mahdi Mohamed was nominated as interim president of Somalia for two years. Gen. Mohamed Farah Aideed was the leader of USC and they Mater mind behind the “Darod Alienation Plot,” refused to recognize the new president even though he was a fellow hawiye.
Now the long a waited split of USC took place. The biggest tribes of Hawiye the Abgal of Mr. Mahdi and the Habar Digir of Aideed took war on each other inside Muqudisho. This led to four months of fighting in the capital. Thousands died and destruction of properties was massive.