|History of Basketball
How was basketball created? Well everybody knows
that James Naismith created it. But do you know why he created it? Or who played
with him? Or what were the rules for them?
Well you’ll find out all about that and more today.
When basketball was created James Naismith was a
physical education teacher at one of the many YMCA’s. In the summer and fall the
students were able to play football and soccer outside. But when winter came
rolling down it was getting to cold for them to play soccer or football outside.
So James had to create a sport to play in side. In the gym he took two peach
baskets and tied one to each pole on the sides. Then he took a leather ball and
divided up the 18 players to 9 on each team. Well you need rules to play a
sports game, so James made some. The rules were:
may be thrown in any direction with one or both hands.
may be batted in any direction with one or both hands, but never with the
cannot run with the ball. The player must throw it from the spot on which he
catches it, allowance to be made for a man running at good speed.
must be held by the hands. The arms or body must not be used for holding it.
shouldering, holding, pushing, striking or tripping in any way of an
opponent. The first infringement of this rule by any person shall count as a
foul; the second shall disqualify him until the next goal is made or, if
there was evident intent to injure the person, for the whole of the game. No
substitution shall be allowed.
is striking at the ball with the fist, violations of Rules 3 and 4 and such
as described in Rule 5.
either side makes three consecutive fouls it shall count as a goal for the
opponents (consecutive means without the opponents in the meantime making a
shall be made when the ball is thrown or batted from the grounds into the
basket and stays there, providing those defending the goal do not touch or
disturb the goal. If the ball rests on the edges, and the opponent moves the
basket, it shall count as a goal.
ball goes out of bounds, it shall be thrown into the field and played by the
first person touching it. In case of dispute the umpire shall throw it
straight into the field. The thrower-in is allowed five seconds. If he holds
it longer, it shall go to the opponent. If any side persists in delaying the
game, the umpire shall call a foul on them.
umpire shall be the judge of the men and shall note the fouls and notify the
referee when three consecutive fouls have been made. He shall have power to
disqualify men according to Rule 5.
referee shall be judge of the ball and shall decide when the ball is in
play, in bounds, to which side it belongs, and shall keep the time. He shall
decide when a goal has been made and keep account of the goals, with any
other duties that are usually performed by a referee.
shall be two fifteen-minute halves, with five minutes rest between.
making the most goals in that time shall be declared the winner.
They were considered the 13 rules of basketball
until, it being a major sport like now.
That’s how James Naismith “the father of basketball” created the sport
basketball to be the sport it is today