Different Types of Bone Fractures
- Closed fracture: Fracture in which the broken bones do not pierce the skin
- Open fracture: Fracture in which the bone is sticking through the skin. Also called an open fracture.
- Displaced Fracture: Ends of bone at fracture site do not line up
- Non Displaced Fracture: A crack in the bone, ends line up perfectly
- Comminuted fracture: A fracture in which bone is broken, splintered or crushed into a number of pieces.
- Greenstick fracture: One side of the fracture has broken and one side is bent; therefore it is classified as an incomplete break. (buckle or torus fracture)
- Avulsion fracture: Injury to the bone in a place where a tendon or ligament attaches to the bone. When an avulsion fracture occurs, the tendon or ligament pulls off a piece of the bone.
- Pathological fracture: Bone breaks in an area that is weakened by another disease process. Causes of weakened bone include tumors, infection, and certain inherited bone disorders.
- Spiral fractures: A fracture, sometimes called a torsion fracture, in which a bone has been twisted apart.
- Compression fracture: Fracture caused by one bone pressing against another