common injuries of soccer
You reach for the ball with your right foot, and your left cleats keep you from falling. You kick the ball to your teammate in right field. He aims for the goal. The goalie dives. The ball took a spin just out of his reach, made contact with the net, and the score was 2-1. This time, you have the ball, and you are right near the goalie. With only 10 seconds left, you act fast. Quickly, you kick the ball, and it sails right into the goal. In the end, the score is 3-1, because of you.
As expected, 50-80% of soccer injuries affect the feet and legs. Usually areas most commonly injured in the legs are the ankle, foot, knee, and lower leg.
40-45% of leg injuries involve the ankle and foot. Most of those injuries are sprains or strains.
Knee injuries account for 25% of leg injuries. The ACL (Anterior Cruciate Ligament) tear is the most common major problem with injuries of the knee. Also, in young athletes, Osgood-Schlatter Disease is a common cause of knee pain.
In the lower leg, tibial shaft fractures are uncommon, but they represent the most severe type of lower extremity trauma in soccer.
Head injuries, however, account for 4-22% of soccer injuries. Concussions make up 2-3% of all soccer injuries. Most severe head injuries are caused by collisions. The collisions could be with other players, goalposts, the ground, or the ball.
So the question comes up, does heading the ball cause brain damage? It has always been said that heading the ball causes brain damage. But does it really? As of now, there is not a sufficient amount of proof to tell whether it does or not.
To prevent these injuries you can:
- pad and properly secure goalposts
- wear shin guards
- do not hang or swing on goalposts
- wear mouth guards and eye protection
- eyeglasses should be secured with a safety strap
- do not wear jewelry, barrettes, or hair combs during play
- make sure you have the proper instruction and knowledge on the correct way to kick or head the ball
- have good sportsmanship
- use proper sized equipment
- do not force anyone to do something they do not want to or cannot do
- always take time to warm up and stretch
- have a first aid kit on hand and be able to use it for minor injuries
- do not take everything so seriously, just have fun