|Civil War Mascots.|
Wartime animal mascots represented loyalty and bravery. Some of these mascots were an inspiration for the troops and other animals represented pets that the men loved at home. The animal mascots brought enthusiasum to the camp so soldiers would remain happy.
| Old Abe |
Old Abe was the most famous mascot of the Civil War. In 1860 Chief Sky of the Chippewa Indians captured the eagle. They named him Me-kee-zeen-ce. A little later a farmer named Daniel McCann traded the Indians his ear of corn for the bald eagle. S. M. Jeffers knew that the Eau Clair Badgers wanted a mascot. Jeffers baught the eagle from the farmer for $2.50 amd showed it to the Eau Clair Volunteers. They changed the eagles name to Old Abe in honor of President Abraham Lincon. Old Abe went with the men into battle, and was so use to living with the soldiers that he was allowed to be free and fly above them when they drilled or marched. He was also allowed to walk around camp and sometimes got caught stealing food. Old abe was involved in a total of 36 battles. Old Abe was a tough bird and lived to be at least 44 years old. Old age did not kill him as the building he lived in caught on fire and he was trapped inside. Although he was not burned in the fire, he inhaled too much smoke and died on February 27, 1904. After is death he was stuffed by a taxidermist.
| Sallie |
Sallie was a Brindle Statfordshire Bull Terrier who was the regimental mascot for the 11th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry. Sallie was given to First Lieutenant William R. Terry as a four-week old puppy. She grew up with the men of the regiment. Sallie followed the men on the marches and on the battlefield. At the battle of Gettysburg, Sallie got separated from the men and got lost. She ended up at the Union battle line at Oak Ridge and stood over the dead and wounded. Sallie continued her job through Frebruary of 1865, when she was hit by a bullet in the head at the battle of Hatcher's Run, Virginia. She was buried on the battlefield. For her loyalty to the men, Sally was memorialized at the 11th Pennsylvania monument at Gettysburg.
| Jack |
Jack is one of the best known dog mascots. He was the white and brown Bull Terrier mascot of the 102nd Pennsylvania Infantry. Some volunteer firemen say that Jack understood bugle calls and obeyed the men from his regiment alone. Jack was present at all of the battles in Virginia and Maryland, including the Wilderness, Spotsylvania, and the seige of Petersburg.
| Dick |
The 2nd Rhode Island had a sheep named Dick. Dick was taught tricks by the men. However, he was sold to a butcher for $5 so the men could buy food.
| Grace |
The 1st Maryland Artillery lists the dog Grace as a Unit Mascot. Grace was killed in action.
| Old Harvey |
Old Harvey was a white Bulldog who was a mascot of the 104th Ohio. He served with honor at the Battle of Franklin.
| Major |
Major was a mutt for the 10th Maine, later reconized as the 29th Maine. Major had a habbit of snapping at Confederate bullets in flight and died when he caught one of them. During engagements, Major would growl and bark until the fight was over.
| Calamity |
The 28th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry, owned a dog that was named Calamity. Calamity would assist the soldiers in foraging missions.
| Irish Wolfhound |
The 69th New York (Irish Brigade) used the Irish Wolfhound as a regimental mascot. He had a picture put on the regimental coat of arms. There were two adopted wolfhounds in the unit which were put in green coats bearing the number "69" in gold letters. They would parade right to the rear of the Regimental Color Guard.
| Douglas |
The 43rd Mississippi Infrantry kept a camel named Douglas. Douglas was killed by a bullet during the seige of Vicksburg.
| York |
York was a Setter, and was Brigadier General Alexander S. Asboth's pet. York usually went into action with his owner.
| Rifle |
Rifle was the cherished steed of General Richard Ewell.
| Stonewall |
The Richmond Howitzers kept a dog named Stonewall who was very admired by the artillerymen. Stonewall was given rides in the saftey of a lumber chest during the battles. He was taught to answer to roll calls, sitting on his haunches in line.
| Other mascots |
The 3rd Louisiana, CSA, had a donkey. This donkey would push into the commanders tent trying to sleep with his owner, but kept mistaking other officers for his owner.
The 12th Wisconsin Volunteers had a bear that marched with them to Missouri.
The 26th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry had a badger for a mascot.
The 12th Wisconsin and the 104th Pennsylvania kept raccoons as unit mascots.
Soldiers of the Richmond Howitzers kept gamecocks as pets.