Ritual and Worship /
Holidays / Cooperation
Number of Followers
Japan, Korea, Southeast Asia
Canon, Mahayana Sutras, Tibetan Book of the Dead
ultimate reality of Buddhism is that there is no ultimate reality.
Buddhists believe that everything is constantly changing and that the
idea of self is non-existent.
To Buddhists, self is nothing more that
five transient components, known as the khandas.
purpose of life is to gain Nirvana, which is generally seen as a state
of being that is free from any suffering. However, some sects of
Buddhism see Nirvana as a type of heaven. In order to attain
Nirvana, one must believe in the Four Noble Truths and follow the Noble
Eightfold Path. In Buddhism there is generally not a deity
deciding who gets to achieve Nirvana. People must want it and
achieve it for themselves.
1. All of life is suffering.
2. Suffering is caused by desire
3. Suffering can be eliminated.
4. Suffering is eliminated by following the Noble Eightfold Path.
1. Right beliefs
2. Right aspirations
3. Right speech
4. Right conduct
5. Right livelihood
6. Right effort
7. Right mindfulness
8. Right meditation
Ritual and Worship
Buddhist faith has many different worship practices. Different
people use different forms of worship. Some of the main rituals
Calms the mind and teaches it to fully concentrate; this is the
ultimate way to reach enlightenment
- Mantras: These are
sacred sounds used in large groups rituals; they are believed to
provide protection to those who chant them
- Mudras: Symbolic
gestures; most often done with the hands and in conjunction with
mediation; different hand positions have different meanings
- Prayer Wheels: Used
so that large groups can follow a prayer together; each part of the
wheel represents a different part of a prayer
Followed by those who give up worldly possessions in order to gain
further spiritual enlightenment
Followers take trips to sacred sites in order to come closer to
adoration of the Buddha or others Buddhas
The lifestyle of the
Buddhist people is the most important part of their lives.
Buddhism is a way of life
Follow the Five Precepts
in order to live a moral life.
These are somewhat
comparable to the Ten Commandments of Christianity.
These apply to all Buddhists, but those Buddhists who are monks or nuns have
an additional five precepts.
The emphasis on Buddhist morality is on
intention rather than action.
Degree of the sin is dependent not
only on the sin committed but also by the intention to commit the act.
Advocates the idea of the Middle Way,
a way of living that advocates moderation in all things.
There are very few things that Buddhism
prohibits, but one must remember that all is good in moderation.
- Buddhist New
Year: this holiday celebrates the coming of a new year and is
celebrated on different days in different parts of the world
- Vesak (Buddha
Day): this is the celebration of the birthday of the Buddha and is
celebrated during the first full moon in May
- Sangha Day:
this day is to commemorate the visit of the Buddha to Veruvana
Monastery, where he was received by over 1500 people who paid their
respects to him; it is celebrated during the full moon in March
- Dhamma Day:
celebrates the Buddhas first sermon and is celebrated on the day of
the full moon in July