Chen Sheng-Wu Guang rebelled
Sheng-Wu Guang Uprising was the first large-scale peasant uprising in Chinese
history, which led to the downfall of the Qin Dynasty (221-206BC).
210BC, Qin Emperor Shihuang died on his inspection travel. The eunuch Zhao Gao
wrote a faked letter to Fu Su in the name of the deceased emperor, ordering Fu
Su to commit suicide, and his younger brother Hu Hai, the deceased emperor's
favorite, was installed as Second Emperor. He was a cool-hearted and cruel
ruler. In order to keep secret of Qin Emperor Shihuang's tomb, he plugged
up the exit and killed all the workers in it. In his first year, rebellions of
the old nobility and peasantry broke out.
209BC, Hu Hai, the Second Emperor, ordered 900 people in the Huaihe River Rigion
to Yuyang to keep guard. It was July when it rained a lot. When people arrived
in Dazexiang, it began to rain cats and dogs; and they were bound to be late.
According to the laws at that time, those who failed to observe deadlines would
be sentenced to death. People had no other choice but to rise up in revolt.
Sheng and Wu Guang were both from Henan Province. They led the peasants to
attack and occupy finally the Chen County (today's Hengyang in Henan Province),
and they established their own regime of Zhangchu. Then their army went westward
led by Chen Sheng to fight against Qin army, but was defeated by Zhang Han.
Later, Chen Sheng and Wu Guang were murdered by their subordination. And the
rest of the army was surrendered to Liu Bang and Xiang Yu. In 206BC, the Qin
Dynasty came to a famous end and the glorious dynasty fell to the fear and
mistrust bred by its own despotic excesses.