cold extract - preparation with cold water will effectively preserve the most volatile ingredients and extract only minor amounts of mineral salts and bitter principles.
compress - an herbal remedy made by soaking a cloth in an infusion or decoction that has been cooled. The cloth is wrung out and applied directly to an affected are. It is left on until it reaches body temperature.
decoction - an herbal remedy which is prepared by boiling to extract active ingredients - extract primarily mineral salts and bitter principles of plants, rather than vitamins and other volatile ingredients
essence - an herbal preparation that is derived by dissolving an ounce of an herb's essential oil in a pint of alcohol. This is a good way to preserve volatile essential oils.
fomentation - an herbal compress made by soaking a cloth in an infusion or decoction and ringing out the excess. Apply as hot as possible to affected tissue area - less active in effect than poultice
herbal bath - any submersion of the body, any part of the body, or any organism, into herbally treated or minerally treated water for the purpose of healing.
infusion - a beverage, made like tea, by combining boiling water with any herbal plant, (usually the green parts or the flowers) and steeping to extract their active ingredients.
juice - chopped fresh plants which are pressed to squeeze out the juice and water is added, the procedure repeated, and pressed again to get the rest. This is a good method for extracting water soluble constituents, especially those sensitive to heat. It is excellent for getting vitamins and minerals from the plant, but the juice must be taken within a short time after pressing, since the vitamin content declines rapidly and fermentation sets in.
ointment - 1 part herbal remedy and 4 parts petroleum jelly, lard, or similar substance. The ingredients are boiled until the desired properties are extracted. Also, any decoction added to olive or other vegetable oil which is simmered until the water is completely evaporated.
poultice - any herbal preparation used to apply a remedy to a skin area with moist heat by wrapping crushed, fresh or dried, herbs with a hot soft adhesive substance (such as moist flour or corn meal or a mixture of bread and milk) and applied directly to the skin
powder - dried herbal plants which are ground with a mortar and pestle
syrup - boiling sugar and water to a consistency that will hold medicinal herbal ingredients; or the boiling of the herbs in honey, which is then strained through cheesecloth.
tincture - any powdered herb mixed with alcohol and water, which is cured over time, then strained and stored.
tonic - any agent that strengthens and/or aids the healing process of a biological organism or any of its organs.
vapor - a way to provide medication by inhalation - herbal remedies can be absorbed through the skin in a vapor bath setting.