is an abnormal growth of malignant cells (neoplasm, tumor) in one
or both of a woman's fallopian tubes. The fallopian tubes are a
pair of skinny ducts that transport a woman's eggs (ova) from her
ovaries (where they are housed) to her uterus (aka "womb",
where they are either fertilized by male sperm or discarded during
menstruation). Typically, an egg is released from one of the ovaries
into the adjacent fallopian tube once each month during ovulation,
which occurs in reproductive-age women. The tube helps to move the
egg along its journey to the uterus with small hair-like projections
called cilia that line the tube's insides.
The tubes are named after a famous Italian physician named Gabriele
Fallopio (1523–1562), who first described them.
What are the different types of fallopian tube cancer?
The vast majority (>95%) of fallopian tube cancers are papillary
serous adenocarcinomas. Very occasionally, these tumors can be sarcomas
(leiomyosarcomas) or transitional cell carcinomas.