vision is a relatively new science. Research from a variety of fields
slowly evolved and formed into a new branch – Computer vision.
Computer vision is intimately tied to:
A human cannot act without first using his senses to determine a course
of action. In the case of vision, light that enters the eyes is then
analyzed and interpreted by the brain. In the same way, the first step
to advancement in Artificial Intelligence is to sense and make sense.
Computer Vision is used to allow AI to identify and analyze a picture
or components in a picture taken by sensory instruments. After identifying
edges, objects, or patterns the AI can then act according to the stimulus
Computer vision is a tool used in physics to extend our understanding
beyond things that we cannot physically see. For instance, radiation
beyond the spectrum of visual light needs to be processed in a form
that makes sense to human brains. Complex computer vision algorithms
are used in the image formation process. For example, scientists can
specify parameters that will show the gas helium in one color and the
gas hydrogen in another color. Larger concentrations will result in
higher saturation of color. This provides a visual way for scientists
to analyze a cloud of gas and its composition.
Neurobiology and Optics
Computer vision was created by humans and consequently, is tied closely
to the research of human vision. Some researchers believe that human
vision is similar to an extremely complex version of computer vision.
Human vision, like computer vision, is bound by rules – a whole
lot of them. Though computer vision today is nowhere near the complexity
of human vision, it's used to mimic and simulate the behavior of biological
Advances in the field of computer vision can lead to the advancement
of military technologies. Imagine a world where computers monitor every
inch of the sky 24/7 and 365 days a year. Computer systems identify
an object in airspace as a missile and immediately trigger anti-missile
systems. Also, imagine the world of super-suits where human vision and
computer vision come together to form a new sense of vision never witnessed
before. Obviously, computer vision is an exciting and rapidly expanding
field which may lead to marvelous things.