The church of the first Christians was at Jerusalem, made by the Apostles. After the Holy Spirit of God descended over them, they started to spread his teachings. They founded churches in all the Mediterranean Zone (under Roman control)-in Asia Minor, Greece, even Rome, Arabia, Syria. In 48, the adepts of Christ stopped practicing Jewish rituals and were expelled from the Jewish society. The term “Christian”, appears for the first time in Antioch, Syria.
The bishops, the leaders of Christians communities, reunite in synods.. Synods are reunions in which are discussed problems regarding faith, and when all agree with something, we are talking about “universal synods”. Seven grand synods (Jerusalem, Nicaea I and II, Constantinople I and II, Ephesus, Chalcedony) establish forever the faith of the Church in a text known as “Credo”(from Latin, “credo”, “I believe”). Every Christian must know this text. The synods establish fundamental truths known as dogmas. Those who were trying to change those dogmas were known as heretics; they were excluded from the community, even tortured and murdered. Starting with this period Christians began to venerate saints.
Each year, some festivities celebrate the great events from the life of Jesus Christ. Some festivities come from Judaism, of course, with a new sense. Christmas, 25th December, celebrate the Birth of Jesus Christ. The Easter, preceded by an abstinence from different types of food (for 40 days), is the most important fest, it celebrates the Resurrection of Jesus Christ, the birth and death of Mary, and the days of different saints etc.
The sacraments are signs regarding the ritual, which the Christian to gain eternal life: the baptizing with water and Holy Spirit, which introduce the new Christian in the Church: he now becomes a “follower of Jesus Christ”. Eucharist is the most important moment in one’s life: they gain the Body and the Blood of Christ, as bread and wine, during the Ritual. The Confession, though which God forgive human’s sins and the wedding rituals are also very important.