Welcome to the Golden Bridges:
Connecting People to Peace website!
hope you enjoy this exciting, informative and interactive tour of
international diplomacy, with the major focus on the United Nations
(U.N.). We have included multiple features to enhance your learning
experience and provided maps for visualizing regions of international
action. Our team created self check quizzes to test your knowledge of
international diplomacy. In addition, there are links to an interview
with two of the team members and to a local debate on the United
Nations. Questions? Comments? Please refer to our email addressees so we
may communicate with you. Finally, and most importantly, we have
twenty-two suggestions on how to become involved in humanitarian efforts
across the globe. Although we do hope you learn a great deal about the
United Nations from visiting this website, we most importantly hope that
it will spark an interest in political events, both local and
international. So now, feel free to explore!
What is the United Nations?
Nations describes itself as a
association of governments facilitating cooperation in international
law, international security, economic development, and social equity."
Developed from a wartime alliance in 1945, the U.N. consists of
191 member states, or sovereign political territories.
by Franklin D. Roosevelt, then president of the United States, the
United Nations referred to Allied powers of World War II. On
January 1, 1942, the Declaration of the United Nations was signed to
forbid the Allies from seeking peace with the Axis powers.
. Today’s United Nations was not formed until 1945, when, after three
years, representatives from the United States, France, the Republic of
China, the United Kingdom, and the USSR met to discuss the purpose and
memberships of the organization to be. A United Nations Conference on
International Organizations took place in San Francisco on April 25,
1945 to draft a charter. Two months later, fifty countries signed the
charter, with the addition of Poland in due time. Ratification of the
charter by the permanent members of the security council (Republic of
China, France, the Soviet Union, United Kingdom, and the United States)
and the other forty-six countries began the United Nations on October
Headquartered in New York City, United Nation conferences are held year
assembly is broken into “administrative bodies”; the U.N. General
Assembly, the U.N. Security Council, the U.N. Economic and Social
Council, the U.N. Trusteeship Council, the U.N. Secretariat, and the
International Court of Justice. Since 1997, Kofi Annan has been the
Secretary General of the U.N.’s affairs. The Secretary General position
is rotated throughout the continents every two terms by the U.N.
Security Council, and for Annan, Africa is the continent chosen for this
During times of political, social, or environmental crisis, the United
Nations holds conferences to form a plan of action, such as the UN
Conference on Environment and Development, the International Conference
on Population and Development, or the World Summit for Social
The United Nations also places International Observance days on a week,
year, or decade to make a statement on an issue or concern. The issues
can be serious (2001’s tribute to the International Year of Mobilization
against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related
Intolerance) or lighthearted (Towel Day on May 25 as a tribute to The
Hitch Hiker’s Guide to the Universe author Douglas Adams).
Instructor: Sherry McAuliffe
Felicia, Katie, and Ashley
HERE to learn more about the team.
was featured in the news. Watch the video clip
Do you need to
translate this website? Use Babel Fish translations found
on the left side of the screen.