• OTHER DISASTERS •
Turkey Earthquake, 1999
Two devastating earthquakes hit Turkey within the space of less than three months during 1999. The first - with its epicentre at Izmit in Turkey's heavily populated northwest - struck at 0302 hours local time on 17 August. It left some 17,000 people dead and thousands more homeless. The second struck just 100km away on 12 November, killing hundreds more.
Oklahoma City Tornado, 1999
The Oklahoma City tornado of May 3, 1999 produced 318 mph winds, the strongest ever recorded, according to Joshua Wurman of the University of Oklahoma and reported by Jack WIlliams in USA TODAY, May 11, 1999. A doppler radar mounted on a truck registered the speed as the funnel moved through south Oklahoma City. The fastest speed previously measured was 286 mph in 1991 in a tornado at Red Rock, in northern Oklahoma.
Florida fires, Florida, 1998
Over 2,200 fires ravaged Florida on 22nd of June, 1998, with over 80,000 people requiring evacuation. The fires caused 390 million dollars worth of timber losses and cost over 133 million dollars to fight.
Tsunami in Papua New Guinea in 1998
A major earthquake off the northern coast of Papua - New Guinea (PNG) generated one of the most destructive tsunamis to strike this country in recent years on 17th July, 1998. The tsunami killed thousands of people and left more than 6,000 people homeless. Many more were missing. Hundreds of injured survivors were treated at hospitals in Aitape and Vanimo, the capital of West Sepik. The more seriously injured were airlifted to a hospital in Wewak, about 140 km (86 miles) east of Aitape. As of July 20, 1998, almost 5,300 of more than 10,000 people who lived in the devastated villages had been accounted for, with 3,370 survivors at three government relief centres, 713 admitted to hospitals and 1,212 buried. As of August 15, 1998, the death toll had risen to more than 3,000. The final death toll may never be known with certainty.
Hurricane in the Carribean in 1998
Hurricane Mitch was one of the most powerful hurricanes ever observed, with maximum sustained winds of 180 mph (290 km/h). Mitch battered Central America from October 22 to November 5 during the 1998 Atlantic hurricane season. It was the second deadliest Atlantic hurricane in history, killing as many as 18,000 people. It also caused billions of US dollars in damages.
Mumbai Floods, 2005
The Maharashtra floods of 2005 refers to the flooding of many parts of the Indian state of Maharashtra including large areas of the metropolis of Mumbai (formerly Bombay), the industrial capital of India located on the western coast of India, in which at least 1,000 people died. The floods were caused by the eighth heaviest ever recorded 24-hour rainfall figure of 944 mm (37.2 inches) which lashed the metropolis on 26 July 2005.