The United States was divided in beliefs. Some believed that the US should have slaves. This was the South. Some believed the US shouldn’t have slaves and that everyone deserved their freedom. This was the North. They argued about it so much, they ended up having war. This is the Civil War.
In 1860, Abraham Lincoln was elected the 16th President. He did not believe in slavery. He agreed with the North that all people should be free. In his time, he gave many speeches about how he felt about slavery. This was towards the end of the war. Many people got angry at Lincoln during the war and even after the war. That’s why he was assassinated. John Wilkes Booth was very angry at Lincoln and highly disliked him. He felt highly against Lincolns thoughts about slavery. He assassinated him in a theatre while he and his wife were seeing a play.
In 1860, the South wanted to separate from the North. Abraham Lincoln did not want this to happen. Therefore a war began. This was the beginning of the Civil War. The first battle was the Battle of Bull Run in Virginia on January 21, 1861. There were many battles throughout 1861 and 1862. On January 1, 1863, Abraham Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation. One of the most famous battles of the Civil War took place on July 1-3, 1863. It was the Battle of Gettysburg and it was in Pennsylvania. The Battle of Shiloh was one of the bloodiest battles of the Civil War. It was in Tennessee. Corpses fill Bloody Lane, the site of some of the fiercest fighting. Other battles include the Battle of Cold Harbor in Virginia, the Battles of the Seven Days in Virginia, the Second Battle of Bull Run, the Battle of Antietam in Maryland, the Battle of Fredericksburg in Virginia, the Battle of Chancellorsville in Virginia, and the Battle of Atlanta in Georgia. Most of the battles were in Virginia. The war ended on April 9, 1865 and the North won. There was no more slavery. Five days after that, April 14, 1865, Lincoln was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth. Booth was a Southerner who disbelieved in what Lincoln said and did and still wanted slavery even after the North won.