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Current Political Situation
The government of Ethiopia is currently a federal republic. The government runs by a constitution which was adopted in 1994, after several decades of political unrest (during which Ethiopia transitioned from an imperial regime towards a democratic one). The constitution of 1994 which establishes the prime minister as the head of the government and the president as chief of state. The government is composed of an executive branch, a legislative branch and a national supreme court. The bicameral parliament has a 117-seat Council of the Federation and a 548-seat Council of People's Representatives.
The prime minister of Ethiopia, Meles Zenawi, was elected in 1995 and then reelected in 2005. His regime follows a “policy of ethnic federalism” (http://encyclopedie-en.snyke.com/articles/ethiopia.html#Politics) in which the nation is divided into 9 separate, ethnically-run states.