Peru is the third largest country in South America and is located on the western coast. The landscape of Peru consists of the beaches, mountains, and the Great Amazon Basin.
Weather and When to go:
Peru is beautiful at any time of the year, but the most excellent time of year to visit is between the months of May and September.
Peru has three main regions that affect its climate.
The Andes Mountains where in April - May are considered Spring. June – October are the summer months, where the high temperatures vary from 68-85 F and the low temperatures can get down to 40-30F. Rain is very likely to occur at any time of the year, so rain gear is a necessity.
In the Amazon region of Peru the daytime high is generally between 82 and 93F and the nighttime low is between 62 and 73F. A jungle environment should be expected in the Amazon Region of Peru, hot and humid temperatures during the day and pleasant temperatures at night. Rain is always a possibility in the Amazon.
The Atacama Desert is located along the coast of Peru and the temperatures there are hot during the day and warm at night. This region is usually rainless throughout the year.
The Peruvian flag was created in 1820. Th colors were decided by General San Maritn by watching the flight of the "parihuanas", a type of flamingo with red wings and a white breast. Later they added the coat of arms to the flag.
Peru has a duel-currency system just like many South American countries. Both US dollars (Dolares) and the Peruvian Nuevo Sol (Soles) are widely used and in circulation. In smaller purchases soles are used and dollars are mostly used for the larger purchases. Inflation is not a problem with the Nuevo Sol because it is a very stable money system, so you don't have to worry when exchanging it bak to dollars.
The Nuevo Soles in circulation are bills of 10, 20, 50, 100 and 200 and the coins of 1, 2, and 5 neuvos soles and of 5, 10, 20 and 50 cents of neuvo soles.
Street money-changers are seen throughout the cities of Peru. Theses money-changers are a lot more efficient then banks because there are no lines like there are in the banks of this region and every other region as a matter of fact. These money-changers distribute dollars, soles and also accept most of the major UK debit cards. ATMs are also located all around Peru. The ATM is said to be the best way to retrieve you money, but sometimes distributes it in large bills. It is better to carry smaller bills so you can purchase items form local venders easier.
The US dollar is the easiest foreign currency to exchange. It is recommended to exchange your dollars to the Nevos Sol because some smaller places will not accept other currencies.