Since Artificial Intelligence is not only a field of study but a form of technology, it follows that the scientific community would use AI as a tool wherever it could. Whenever AI finds it can be used appropriately in a scientific field, its use there usually comes back to benefit AI as well.
Scientists use Artificial Intelligence extensively in their research and development, even branching out into military technology. The more AI helps scientific initiatives succeed, the faster both fields expand and grow, furthering the advancement of new technologies and allowing new discoveries and inventions to appear on our doorstep. The cycle perpetuates itself. An example of this is the segmentation camera. The application uses AI to find objects in a camera’s field of vision and determine what is a part of what, allowing the robot to keep track of things. This process will allow Artificial Intelligence to branch out into many new areas as it can effectively “see” things.
Not all uses of Artificial Intelligence in science find as direct a connection back to AI. When used in satellites, Artificial Intelligence uses existing algorithms to evaluate data collected from the oceans to predict the weather all over the globe. Military uses are also specific to their topic, not branching out far beyond their intended purpose. Even so, subtle advances benefit the field as a whole as new advancements are required to fill specific needs. A side benefit of any new technology is that it can often be used in other scientific areas. Technology that incorporates AI in some way seems to be very successful at accomplishing this.