Whether yuans of Zhen , poet of Dai , Tang " born spring " the poem. "Outside the door of whip ox county , strive to cover the silkworm in spring in the land . "" whip " first" fight for", give cold to meet new spring breeze two songs of folk adage winter ancient times.
The whip clay cattle was also called the whip clay ox, originated from it relatively early. " the gift · moon order of week ": "The unearthed ox, in order to send the cold. "Is it come down to keep later , change to spring , hold on Tang , two generation Song, it is especially for Song benevolence case it issue" clay ox through "after make whip the clay ox customs unable to travel wider, even become Chinese important content of folk custom .
Kang Xi is " in the office will of Jinan · years old ": "All for one day before the Beginning of spring, the local authorities rate person the people , have clay cattles , awn spirit , the winter jasmine, to the east suburb. Doing five hard one, one in spring of popular name, drink the wine brewed in spring, hairpin spring flower. In play the part of to fishing firewood people, family not competent it plough dramas,adorn with festoons floor, and Qu, child of city of spring, color clothing,Dai is spirit,dance exchanges , ancient township Nuo offer as a gift even also. On day of the Beginning of spring, the government official each has a color battle, the person who hits clay ox is three, in the Beginning of Spring when call , in order to show advising the agricultural purpose here . It is a little clay cattle, all over giving a family to the government official, and the door rings the strains of music accompanied by drumbeats in order to offer , the ones that called sent spring off. "The meaning of the whip clay cattle, is not limited to giving the cold , urges spring plough, there are certain witchcraft sorcery meanings too. Shandong should break the clay ox folkly, everybody fights for the clay cattle soil , the ones that called are robbed in spring, it is lucky by vie for the ox oning. Zhejiang characteristic, winter jasmine of ox, winter jasmine when the ox , kowtow to the clay cattle promptly sequentially, having finished visiting, common people have a cradle , breaks into pieces the clay cattle, then take the clay cattle mud vie fored home and spread it in the cattle pen. Therefore find out , the whip clay cattle plants reproduction witchcraft sorcery , namely pass the clay cattle soil of the winter jasmine, spread the reproduction that can promote the ox in the cattle pen.
The ethnic minority of our country has a custom which salutes the farm cattle too, is called " offering Niu Wang ". Bouyei of litchi , Luodian , Anlong of Guizhou and other places, regards the eighth day of the fourth lunar month as oxen and extends New Year greetings. Day, let one day such as rest such as ox , let ox wipe out polished glutinous rice meal. Niu Wang section of Gelao claim " ox supernatural festival " , " offer section , Bodhisattva of Niu Wang , " , " hold a memorial ceremony for Niu Wang section " too, hold the first day in the tenth lunar month in every year. That day, people no longer let the ox work, and cooked two glutinous rice cakes with the first-class polished glutinous rice, is it is it at ox horn , is it get water look after shade to lead ox , regard this way as ox congratulate on birthday to hang to divide. In Dong in regions of Rongjiang of Guizhou , Dongjiang , hold " washing ox festival " on the sixth day of June of every summer, spring plough when the time comes finish already, people is it to the bank of the river to have a bath to lead ox, and several chicken feathers and drake feathers are inserted by the cattle pen, is it listen with respectful attention dust for ox to show , pray farm cattle to be safe and stalwart.
The funeral is in the etiquette and custom in life of Bouyei, it is a grander project, its ceremony is transfering to Ga, and it is to cut oxen to transfer to an important content in Ga's ceremony. Whether nearly people Dong shake algae have such records until " Guizhou Province shoot take advantage of ". "Kissing it very much, select one or several oxen, friends and family come to hold a memorial ceremony for the chicken, wind ox and establish(whether is it very much , divide food meat its to kiss according to legend, substitute their with ox today). After establishing, Tu Niu divides into the food and breaks up . "Prevail in the middle part of Yunnan , Naxi , Lijiang of mountain area is it is it dawdle custom of ox to jump to have when funeral. After the old man died, cremated and fetched the bone, the host fired and piled on firly in the courtyard, the guest encloses it all around, dance funeral dance , get dancer's elegy of singing. The song and dance is finished, everybody worships on bended knees to the ashes sequentially. Lead a ox afterwards, mention ox's ear , irritates a bowl of milk in. Dawdle ox raise hoof jump , kind to promise; If does not jump , irritate one more bowl, do not think ghosts need this ox, will change one to irritate again separately , then tie four hooves of the ox, ask possessing both stalwart men of parents to kill oxen. Usually fetch ox's heart first , and then skin and divide the meat , has offered ox's heart , beef in the ashes bag ago, claim to " grow and hold a memorial ceremony for ". The meat is held a memorial ceremony for once again after being boiled, is called " holding a memorial ceremony for well donly ", bury the bone and is bury after holding a memorial ceremony for.
In the communication custom of the Han nationality , " form ox's wealth and kiss " to say , prevail in the area of Hunan. In locality, one ox several spend their is it form ox's wealth kiss , regard as the relative to call, once ownership of ox change others into, " relative " its relation leave it at that prevailing on Shaanxi " Niu Wang's meeting " , Liuba of county and other places too, it is for the appellation that the old man celebrates the birthday, because the ox ploughs and plows, gain merit to people, rank to arrange ago year of birth , give old man Shou Zhu under the title of ox, in order to is it respect to say. The Miao nationality has marriage custom of vying for ox's ox tail, prevails in the area of the northwest of Guizhou. Behind men and women engaged, the wife is it feed one ox to want, treat wedding is it reach the scene to lead ox, degree stumbles letter ox's leg with two z rope . Then cut down the lower ox tail by bride first knife, the bridegroom will get on to grab the ox tail at once , if can carry off the ox tail before the wife parents comes , can get married immediately , otherwise the marriage fizzles out.