——The miao nationality spent mountain festival——
The first month of the lunar year
It is the spreading and cured traditional festival of spreading the area of family that A'chang nationality clan knows the festival of the street. Held in mid-September in the lunar calendar more in the past, it generally lasted about 5 days , had already changed to National Day is three days from beginning to end to hold now. The lunar calendar is from the second day of the first month of the lunar year to the seventh day, is such annual " stepping on and spending the mountain " sections of people of the Miao nationality as rejecting , Mengzi , river mouth of Yunnan and other places. Every at this time, the people of the Miao nationality from every village and every stockaded village, from pouring into the open slope between several shoot stockaded villages from all directions like the tidewater. " colored pole " step on colored mountain important sign of section , choose straight and upright tall and big pine or cypress generally, pitch it with the flower , coloured flag . The people (also called and spent the pole head ) who book the colored village are the generally acknowledged " soft person ". This person must be in the first morning of festival, while the sun comes out of retirement and take up an official post and sets upright the colored pole well in the past.
" is it take mountain to step on " , toast from " spend pole head " to coming to participate in and " step on the colored mountain " people at first, the blessing, announce afterwards that festival begins to " step on taking on the mountain ". At this moment, the internal and external gongs and drums of colored hills chirp together, fireworks sound , copper big gun shots rise one after another, flower, coloured flag fluttered in the breeze, various kinds of joyous celebrations were successively started. Some antiphonal responses folk songs of young men and women, some dance three steps of dances , pedal the foot dance, some make " the reed-pope wind instrument shelf " (exchanges jobs with the reed-pope wind instrument ), some dance traditional Chinese lion dance , other corrida are rejoiced on spending hills entirely.
Festival is that the young men and women of the Miao nationality unbosome love , one kind of beautiful opportunities of forming the friend definitely each other that the annual one " steps on the colored mountain ". Young men and women, once in love, the man should be with the colored foot-bind, enclose with flower belt give girl , and woman colored handkerchief , Baotou made to embroider present a gift in return personally with oneself a thousand stitch Line ten thousand too.
Yunnan the Northeast and the southern regions of the Yunan Province bring the Miao nationality, annual lunar calendar pass " is it spend mountain section to step on " June 6. The Miao nationality in ancient times of legend suffers a defeat and wanders in the strange land, remembers that the scattered one is bitter to escape from the west in the east of the ancestor, shed sad tears . On the sixth day of June of one year, the ancestor makes its presence or power felt, advise them not to be too sad, should go to the high mountaintop to blow the reed-pope wind instrument , sing and dance for us to see . Finish saying the sky and drop a flower, hang on a tree. Everybody is enclosing this tree song and dance, blow the reed-pope wind instrument , the crops of this year grow very well. From then on, on the sixth of every June, the Miao 's should all put on the holiday best, get high mountain impose one spend tree , is it sing in antiphonal style , beat reed-pope wind instrument dance , corrida , dance traditional Chinese lion dance , climbing and spending such activities as the pole ,etc. to hold. Among them , guide whom people fix one's eyes on to is it spend pole to climb , who climb high, become reconciled one pig's head who wine praise. Dance traditional Chinese lion dance important activity of festival one of too , if which one lion it jumps to be kind, climb high, wine and pig's head are awarded too; Still carrying on corrida during festival, when the time comes, corrida fans lead the tall and big big magnificent ox from all parts, one full of energy head, turn on get on difficult win and defeat of estimating. Wining ox lead to spend pole by host, distaff one circle, then wounded in action.
■Celebrate the way
Climb the colored pole , reed-pope wind instrument , song and dance
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