Sickle Cell Anemia
Sickle Cell Anemia is a disease of the blood. When you have it, you have chronic anemia and pain. Anemia means that the blood is low in red blood cells. Sickle Cell Anemia makes red blood cells hard, sticky, and shaped like cresents. It is a disease that affects organs, muscles, and bones. Sickle Cell Anemia blocks your blood vessels by making red cells sticky so they stick to the walls in your veins and arteries. This can clog them and make a clot. This disease sometimes makes blood stop flowing. Its mostly found in people from: Africa, India, The Middle East, the Mediterranean, and Latin America. There are 200,000 babies that are born with this disease in Africa each year. In the United States there are 2,000 born with the disease. There are two cures for this disease. You can get a bone transplant or take a drug called Hydroxyure. You get Sickle Cell Anemia from being born with it. The disease is a mistake in the gene that tells your body how it should make hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is the part of the blood that makes it red. It contains iron and carries oxygen. Some people have Sickle Cell Anemia and some people are just able to pass the gene on to their kids without getting it themselves.