Bugaku masks were used during the Heian period. The masks varied in size and were usually made up of cypress wood. The bugaku masks do not cover the ears like the gigaku mask. The mask can be 7 to 13 inches long, 6 to 9 inches wide, and 4 to 7 inches deep. The carvings on these masks are supposed to resemble Buddhist statues. The bugaku masks were used in only dances and since they were, the masks showed abstract looking expressions. Theses masks were used or dancing to different types of music such as togaku and komagaku.
The masks that have been talked about above were the early masks of Japan. Noh masks were created from the traditions of sarugaku, dengaku, and many other rituals. Sarugaku was originally a combination of performances from China and some of them were acrobatics, juggling, and miming. The dances and rituals were performed inside of temples and shrines. The masks, which were used in okinamai, show the first signs of making Noh masks. The masks were most likely influenced by bugaku and gigaku masks to form the unique Japanese design.