Taiko (Japanese drums): Taiko means drum. A lot of taikos have two sides. Shakuhachi is shaped like an hourglass and has two different sizes, one of them is kotsuzumi, which is played on your right shoulder and is larger and the other one is otsuzumi, which goes on your left thigh and is smaller than the kotsuzumi. When someone says taiko, the first thing that people usually think about is a large drum with two sindes that can be banged by guys (picture on the left) that is an o- daiko and is the only one of many different types of taikos. A smaller drum that gives a much higher sounding pitch is the shime.
Biwa: It originally came from China. A Biwa is a lute with a short neck and is held vertically while you play it. The strings on a Biwa range from three to five. Instruments that are played with the Biwa are known as Biwagaku. This particular instrument was used for traditional story telling. As good as it sounds when played mixed with other instruments, it is also used for solos.