What is it and where is it formed? Peat is
rotted plants that have been
compacted. After many years, peat
will become coal. Peat is made by plants rotting in places
where it is cool and there isnít much oxygen. This is usually
How and where is it mined? Peat is mined
surface mining. Peat is in bogs which is another name for
a swampy area. The trees are cut down and the water is drained
out of the swamp. Then the topsoil is taken off of the
surface. The peat is uncovered so the miners start to take
off layers. Peat is found in the United Sates [Florida,
Michigan, Alaska] and Canada, Finland, Germany, and Ireland.
What is it used for? Peat is put into soil
to make the dirt richer and grow things better. It is used in
diapers and for oil spills because it is absorbent. Peat
is used for heat just like coal is used.
Prehistoric people thought that spirits lived in the peat
bogs. They sacrificed humans to their gods there.
2000 year old bodies have been found in the bogs. The
bodies are preserved because the water has acid in it and
doesnít have much oxygen.
If underground peat catches on fire, it can
burn for a very long time. Sometimes they burn for years. As long as it has oxygen, it keeps
burning until it is put out.