What is it and where is it formed? Granite is a
rock that is
hard and strong. It can be an
igneous or a
rock. It usually has
hornblende in it. Granite is formed deep down inside the
Earth from magma that has cooled. Granite is usually
pink or white.
How and where is it mined?
Granite is mined using
quarrying. It is quarried in Italy, India, the U.S.
and other countries around the world. Scientists can
tell where granite comes from by how it looks. If it
is coarse grained and red or black, it will probably be from
Egypt or a desert in the United States.
What is it used for?
Granite is used to make gravestones and buildings because it is hard
and strong and doesnít break down from being out in the weather.
It is also used for kitchen countertops, floor tile, curbs on
driveways, and in road building.
The Vietnam Veterans War Memorial and Mt. Rushmore
[on the right] are made
Some of the properties of granite are that it doesnít
scratch easily because itís so hard, acids donít bother it, and it doesnít stain
easily. Heat and bacteria wonít bother it.
- There is a kind of granite that is called Graphic Granite.
The stone has shapes in it that look
like letters of the alphabet.
- Sometimes gemstones are
found in granite. An example of this is