twentieth -century, many European and American Jews felt that the
Orthodox branch of Judaism needed change, but not as much as the
Reformed branch had instituted. Conservatism Judaism was formed to
become the "middle ground" between the other two branches. They
tried to push the progressive aspects of the faith while still
retaining the traditional practices. Conservative include some
English prayers, organ music, and no separation of the sexes. They
also taught that the soul was immortal, but the body would not be
resurrected. They allowed modern needs such as driving to synagogue
on the Sabboth, but they retained the Orthodox emphasis on the
Scripture along with the traditional interpretation.
Conservatives make up the
second largest body of American Jews with over one and a half
million Jews in about eight hundred synagogues. Many Conservative
Jews are staunch supporters of Zionism.