Alexander J. Cartwright
Alexander J. Cartwright was born April 17, 1820.
he was an engineer who has as good a claim as the inventor of
baseball. Cartwright was a member of the New York Knickerbockers,
who played a brand of stick-and-ball game called the town game. In
1845 Cartwright and a committee from his club drew up rules
converting this playground game into more elaborate and interesting
sport to be played by adults.
The Knickerbockers participated in the first game under these rules on June 19, 1846. The Knickerbockers lost 23-1.
Cartwright left New York to mine gold in California in 1849. He got sick and settled in Hawaii. As a citizen of Hawaii, Cartwright became a successful Honolulu businessman. There, Cartwright established the first baseball league composed of teams he created from throughout the Hawaiian islands. His Hawaiian leagues became a model for the modern American and National Leagues of today. In 1938, Cartwright was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame.
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