Comics starting in the 19th Century is defined as a visual art composed of different images arranged in panels and is combined with text, which is usually in the form of speech balloons or image captions. It is used to provide visual image of a story to entertain an audience.
Before anything else, a plotter first creates a story for a comics. Plotter's main tool in doing this step is his/her imagination. Some plotters start by thinking of a topic or hobby or a job he/she is currently doing while some are inspired by their experiences or by things they accidentally or coincidentally encounter. Then, part of a plotter's job is to provide for the characters and the characters' attitudes, thinking of how the characters will look like, speak, talk, react, move and other actions that maybe needed in the story. He/She also puts together places and time to provide settings for the story.
After a plot has been made, the plotter submits this to the breakdown artist. The breakdown artist is the one who breaks the plot into specific scenes. Some breakdown artists provide a storyboard, a tool, which includes different images showing the sequence and progress of a story.
Now, here comes the real beginning of a comics. It usually starts with a penciller. The penciller works hand in hand with the breakdown artist. Part of his/her job is to design and sketch how the whole thing will look like. This includes the appearance of the characters, the arrangement of the panels, and the appearance of different places. Most pencillers use graphite pencils. The higher the ratio of clay to graphite, the harder the pencil is.
The inker will then trace the sketch. Not only does his/her task involve tracing but also the design of the lighting that will make a three-dimensional effect on the image. Inkers use a variety of brushes, dip pens, fountain pens, technical pens, and markers. The inker also uses a light box, which allows an artist to trace his pencil work when inking to make a looser finish.
The inked image is then sent to the scripter. The scripter works with the plotter to produce appropriate dialogues and image captions for the comics. The finished product is called a script.
The script is then brought to the letterer. The letterer's job is simple - to copy the script and put it into the speech balloons. The letterer has to do this legibly to make the comics presentable. He/She may also choose to do this with a computer.
And finally, the team may also opt to color. The coloring is done by the colorist. He/She is the one who chooses the shades necessary for the lighting of the images. Different mediums may be used like watercolors, poster paints, acrylics, gouache, color pencils, crayons and pastels.