So, how much chicken do we really eat?
Just visit any restaurant - there is probably chicken
on the menu. Let alone the all American breakfast - it can't be
done without eggs. Chicken is one of the most popular foods.
According to US Poultry and Egg association just in the United
States each American ate almost 70 pounds of chicken! In
addition each American eats about 230 eggs each year.
Because chicken and eggs are such a popular food there are
many producers as well. There are commercial farms that are
designed to produce broiler meat. Other are designed for egg
production. In 2005 USA produced 6.70 billion eggs
According to the Agriculture and Agri-food
Canada, around 65 million tons of chicken are produced each
year around the world.Most chicken that reach restaurants and
grocery stores are raised on special commercial farms. These are
created to raise only chicken for meat. Brazil and the United
States are the world's largest exporters of chicken meat. Most of
the chicken is exported to Asia and Middle East. Brazil has a
very new chicken industry and is becoming the world largest
producer quickly because of new equipment and management. In
the past few years demand for chicken increased. This may be
because of the mad cow disease which made people avoid beef. Also,
diets that ask people to eat more protein increase demand for
Usually, chicken that we buy in the stores
do not have a label to show us what breed they are. However,chicken
that are raised for meat are several types. This depends on the age
at which chicken are slathered
POUSSIN - 4 to 6 weeks
you ever heard of "spring chicken"? That's the other name for
poussin. Poussin is a tiny young chicken. Usually one person can
easily eat the whole poussin.People eat them because they are very
tasty. This is because they are given special grains to eat.They
are 4 to 6 weeks old and weigh about one pound.
BROILER - 7 - 13 weeks
chicken made for meat are broilers. This is because broilers can be
used for different types of cooking. This is the chicken most used
in barbecues and grilling. It can also be roasted or fried. These
chicken are also called fryers. One reason why farmers like to
raise broilers is because they are slaughtered young at about 7 to
13 weeks. Broilers are usually 1.5 to 4.5 pounds heavy and have
CAPON - up to 8 months
are roosters whose reproductive organs were cut off.They are big,
plump and full of meat. They can sometimes be as big as 9
pounds.They have a lots of meat and taste great. One problem with
capons is that they have more fat than other types of chicken.They
are usually used for roasting. Usually they are less than 8
months old when they are slaughtered.
CORNISH HEN - 5 to 6 weeks
Cornish hens are slaughtered when they are only
five to six weeks old. They are very small. Most of the time they
do not weigh more than 2 pounds. They are called Cornish because
that's their breed. Also, the can be crossed with other
ROASTER- 3 to 5 months
Roasters are only 3 to 5 months old when they
are slathered. They are best for roasting and have plump soft meat.
They are 3 to 7 pounds heavy.
STEWING HEN - more than 10 months
Stewing hens are older than other types of
chicken. They are more than 10 months old.They are usually used for
soups or stews. This is because their meat is not as soft as
broilers and roaster. They weigh 4 to 7 pounds.
China is the world's largest egg producer.
They produce about 20 tons of eggs each year. China, USA and the
European Union have the most egg laying hens. People are eating
more eggs and the egg production is increasing. Some people believe
that this has a lot to do with the fact that it was found that
cholesterol in eggs is not as dangerous as people thought before.
Currently, scientists are working to make eggs even more
nutritious. They are figuring out the way to have less cholesterol
and more nutrients through different types of feed. One thing that
is still a problem is that eggs are not available to some people
living in poverty. According to the International Egg
Commission, people in more developed countries consume more eggs
than those in poorer countries. For example, people in Italy
consume 233 eggs a year and people in India only