Chickens have a major impact on the world
economy. There are over 10 billion chickens in the world. The
chicken industry touches every place in the world. Some
chickens live in small flocks, supplying eggs and meat to farm
families or small local markets. However, most chickens are raised
on large commercial farms that are specialized to produce either
eggs or meat. One hen, with the help from a rooster, can help many
families get out of poverty. People have raised
chickens for thousands of years. In east Asia, poultry is an
important source of food and protein for many people. Typically, 3
out of 4 people, about 8 million in total in rural areas have a
chicken. If one hen is raised, that hen will lay 70 eggs per year.
About 50% of those eggs are used in the family home, and 60% of the
remaining eggs will hatch into chicks. After 10 weeks 40% of the
chicks are still alive. Those chicks will grow into hens, and in
turn sold to provide for other families. 700% annual return of
capital is invested for the 8 million families who have chickens.
So you see - one little hen can be such a importance to the
The chicken industry affects people
worldwide. The state of the world economy is important to poultry
because the demand for meat and eggs is rising. The proteins found
in meat are needed by many people, and are only affordable to them
when economic times are good. Currently, the world economy is doing
well compared to the troubles a few years ago. The growth
rate of world chicken production was only a 2.5% increase last
year, due to an outbreak of SARS in China. Significant increases in
chicken production have occurred in many Asian countries since
2000. The largest producers of chicken meat are the US, Brazil, and
China. Because of the Mad cow scare/ beef shortage, chicken prices
increased as people around the world reached for the alternative,
chicken. The production also increased, meaning more work for
people in chicken industry.
However, the avian fluhas
significantly brought down the chicken economy. The only way to
prevent the disease from spreading is to kill them! What is going
to happen to our food source now? Cows have mad cow disease,
chickens and birds have avian flu, but fish and seafood is our only
alternative. Fish, though, has a lot of mercury, and many people
are either allergic to fish or their religion does not allow it.
Believe it or not, the chicken is about the only animal that most
people can eat.
stay safe, many countries are not letting chicken from contaminated
bird flu countries to be exported to their country. The H5N1 virus,
or avian flu, can be passed from country to country through
contaminated chickens. In USA, birds must stay for 30 days in
a quarantine before they are allowed to enter the US from another
country. The regions most affected are Asia Europe, Africa, and the
Near East. Imagine the toll this will take on egg and chicken
producers, workers and families of these regions.All the
people who are making a living in the chicken industry will lose
their jobs if all the chickens die.
Not only farmers but veterinarians, feed
makers and sellers, restaurant workers, genetic
engineers, grocery store workers,
and many others are involved in the chicken industry. Think
about it - if all the chickens that were supplying food and money
to the poor people in Asia were dead, what would those people do?
If all the chickens in the world were dead, everyone would
definitely suffer. Food would be in short supply, millions of jobs
would be gone, and some families would not be able to survive.
Chickens can have an enormous economic impact on the