All chicken have combs on their heads, but
it does not always look the same. Comb is a fleshy growth on
the top of the chicken head. Both male and female chickens have
combs, but the ones on the male are larger. Combs of different
breeds may look different in shape and even in color. While most
combs are red, some breeds have purple combs.
Combs are not just for the good looks.
They actually have a very important role for chicken because they
cool the chicken down. The way this works is that blood circulates
between comb and the wattles.
What types of combs can chicken have? Here
are 7 common combs
Buttercup comb has fine texture. It has a
single leader. It looks like a crown.
Cushion comb is small and solid comb. This
comb has no spikes.
Pea comb is low comb with three low
ridges. The middle ridge is a little bit higher than the other
The rose comb is almost flat on the top
and very fleshy. It is broad and solid and the main part has a
curved surface with small round protuberances.
Single comb is thin and attached to the
beak along the skull. On the top there are five or six deep
grooves. They make sharp points. These points are higher on the
middle part. This comb stands up
This comb is very low. It is called
strawberry because of its shape as well as rough surface. It
actually looks like a strawberry.
This comb is V-shaped and has two pieces
that look like horn. The two pieces are joined in their
What did you think when someone asks you
to describe a bone? We usually think of human or other mammal
bones. But chicken bones are very different than mammal
Chicken bones are much lighter than the
mammal bones. This is probably because chicken is a bird, and birds
have to fly. Lighter bones allow them to be lighter when flying.
The chicken bones are lighter because some bones in body have air
sacs. Some other bones, like those in the skull have spaces in
Another difference between chicken and
mammal bones is that chicken bones have more minerals in them. Some
of the minerals that chicken bones are rich with are calcium and
phosphate. Mammal bones contain those minerals as well, but not
as much as in chicken.
Skull of the chicken is made up many small
bones. The face of the chicken is Meade up of the nasal and
the premaxillary bone. The largest bones in the chicken face are
called frontal, parietal and temporal bone. They make up the
cranium which is the back of the chicken head. There is also a
mandible which is another word for the jaw bone.
Skeleton of the chicken in made up of many
bones. One of the largest bones in the breast bone or sternum. It
is so large that it covers more than half of the body cavity.
Sternum has a carina, which is a large kneel. Carina is used
to attach the wings so that bird can fly. Chickens are not good
flyers and usually can fly only a very short distance. This is why
their carina is not as large as in the flying
The breast bone attaches to the ribs.
Chicken has five or six pairs of ribs and these bones protect
the organs inside.
Chicken are vertebrates. Vertebrates are
animals that have a backbone. Chicken backbone starts with the
atlas. This is the small bone on top of the spine. This bone is
important because it allows chicken to move their head.
Chicken usually have about 20 vertebrae, but this depend on
the breed. The spine ends with a cervical bone
Everyone has heard of a wish bone, The
slingshot looking bone is sometimes pulled apart and a person who
gets a larger part makes a wish. The wishbone is actually a
clavical or collar bone. It connects the shoulders of a chicken. It
also makes an opening so that digestive and respiratory tract can
pass into the chicken body.
feathers for protection from weather conditions such as rain, cold,
and sun. It also protects the body from injuries. Feathers come in
different colors and usually male and female are different colors.
Color of feathers depends on the bread. The best protective
feathers are wide, firm and closely knitted. Some chicken have
frizzle feathers which means that feathers curl at the
Wattles are located under the chin. They
are meaty, red growths. Chicken has two wattles. Both male and female chicken
have wattles. Wattles do not just hang there, they actually have an
important function. One of the things that wattles do is cool the
chicken down. This happens when the blood circulates from the comb
to the wattles. The circulating blood lowers the temperature of the
chicken during the hot weather.