We have arrived at ancient Greece. Our first tour is on its sea
WELCOME TO ANCIENT
GREEK TRADE !!!
Greece has a very rich tradition in maritime
The introduction of trade into the Greek culture was one of the most
defining points in the history of ancient Greece. Simple
transactions set the stage for larger scale trade to come. As
trade the Greek city states (especially Athens) began to export many
goods, including beautiful decorative items , and ships.
most common ship in ancient Greece was the cargo ship ,only second
to the Greek warship. These cargo ships were used to transport
goods which made ancient Greece prosperous.
ships were also made of wood and averaged about 150 tons around 400
BC. These ships used sails instead of oarsmen. Later, in 240 BC,
boats were weighing 350 to 500 tons. Ships began adding sails with
the increase in size. Two to three masts were common. Some cargo
ships were called trading ships or haulers. These ships had very
deep hulls and broad beams, which helped them sail close to the
wind. Haulers were usually around 60 feet long.
These ships traveled at an average speed
of 5 knots.
As trading grew, the Greeks reached markets all over the
Mediterranean as well as in the far east, Egypt, and
They traded with many different kinds of people, which expanded
their imports to new levels. Everything that the Greeks needed
was in their reach and their economy was soaring.
Their were two types of traditional naval architecture, the cargo
ship being one, and the battle ship being the other. As
shipping developed, and trade grew, the cargo boats changed and
became more efficient.
In the beginning the cargo ships were
small, tubby crafts that were used for coasting. As the years
passed and the technology became more advanced, the cargo ships
became powerful vessels that were much faster and were built to
carry heavier loads for longer voyages. The were also built
with a huge spread of canvas over the deck to protect the goods they
carried and the merchants who traveled on the boats.
One thing that helped trading grow in the ancient Greek world was
the laws that were put in place regarding it. The state looked
after the safety of the merchants in the harbors and the markets.
No matter where a merchant was from, he was safe in both the market
and the harbor. In return, the state charged duties on imports
and exports to make money. This state helped the Greek economy and improved commerce. In this way, the state helped
improve trade, while trade helped to improve the state and the lives
of the people that lived in Greece.
So due to trade revenues and other minor factors Greece became a very prosperous country and one of the world
leaders in trade.
Our Next Stop Will Be The