Coffee Berry Disease
- Other names: Green berry anthracnose
Caused by: Colletotrichum kahawae (previously known as Colletotrichum coffeanum) - a fungus
Occurrence: This disease occurs only in Africa. First discovered in Kenya, 1920
Economic loss: According to ICO, losses over 50% have been recorded in many African countries
Part(s) of the plant it affects: Flower, immature coffee berries, and sometimes the bean
Symptoms: Infected berries display dark sunken spits that spread and coalesce on the lesion.
Treatment and management: Ensuring good airflow to the plant, sound quarantine practices, preventing/minimizing stagnantion of water, and periodic fungicidal treatment.
Dr. J. M. Waller clarifies why the name Collectotrichum coffeanum has been changed to Colletotrichum kahawae.
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