Franz Joseph Haydn
Franz Joseph Haydn was born on March 31, 1732, in Rohrau, Austria. He was the second of 12 children. His parents were peasants. Haydn went to school nearby which included music lessons. Haydn's musical talent was evident. From 1740 to 1749, Haydn was in the choir of St. Stephen's Cathedral in Vienna, Austria. In 1758, he became the music director and the composer for Count von Morzin.
Haydn married Anna Marie Keller, daughter of a hairdresser, in 1760. It was a bad choice. After the marriage, Haydn started not to like her.
In 1761, Haydn began work for the Esterhazy family under the king Nicholas I. Haydn received a good salary. Nicholas I died in 1790 and Anton was his successor. Anton stopped the court's musical activity and Haydn left for England.
In England, Haydn composed many pieces and received an honorary degree from Oxford.
Anton died and Nicholas II succeeded him. The court's musical activity resumed and Haydn worked under Nicholas II.
Anna Marie Keller died in 1800. Haydn retired in 1802. He died on May 31, 1809.
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