Antonin Dvorak was born on September 8, 1841, in Nelahozeves, Bohemia, a little village near Prague. He was born to a poor butcher and innkeeper. He studied violin under a local schoolmaster. In 1857, he attended the Prague Organ School. Dvorak graduated from it in 2 years. He became principal violinist at the new Provisuinal Theatre orchestra that same year. With the positive encouragement of Brahms, Dvorak started composing in 1871.
In 1873, he married Anna Cermavoka. Dvorak won the Austrian State Stipendium 3 times. He became a professor of composition at the Prague Conservatoire. From 1892 until 1895, Dvorak served as the director of the new National Conservatory in New York City. He moved back to Prague in 1895 and resumed his position as professor of composition at the Prague Conservatoire. In 1901, he became director of the Prague Conservatoire.
Towards the end of his life, Dvorak started having financial difficulties because he sold his works for too little money. He died in Prague on May 1, 1902, at age 62.
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